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Part ix conversion of firm to private limited company

(Querist) 01 June 2018 This query is : Resolved 
How can I find out whether a particular company was converted under Part IX of the Companies Act, 1956? I am aware of the procedure to be followed by an enetity for conversion but could someone help with a memo or circular as to what procedure was the ROC supposed to follow for converting partnership firms into a private limited company under Part IX? Eg: I learn that a stamp stating "Converted under Part IX" would be there on the incorporation certificate. But where is this written?
Ms.Usha Kapoor (Expert) 02 June 2018
Circular No. 5/99 dated 19-5-99 vide file 17/45/98. CLV and Press Release dated 5/8/99, clarified that, the Registrar of Companies will continue to Register Partnership Firms under Part IX of the Companies Act as Joint Stock Companies on satisfying the procedure and conditions. Accordingly, an existing Partnership Firm can be registered under the Companies Act. In a landmark Judgement of the Bombay High Court, in, CIT v M/S Texspin Engg. & Mfg. Works (ITA no 222of 2001 dated 5-3-2003)(unreported) after considering the provisions of Companies Act, provisions of income tax relating to capital gains and relying on the ratio of Malbar Fisheries Company v CIT (1979) 120 ITR 49 (SC), CIT Vs. George Henderson & Co Ltd (1967) 66 ITR 622 (SC), CIT Vs. Gillanders Arbuthnot & Co (1973) 87 ITR 407 (SC), held that, when a firm register as company, as per the procedure prescribed under part IX of the companies Act no capital gain tax arise to the firm. When a partnership firm is treated as limited company, under part IX of Companies Act, the properties of the erstwhile firm vests in the limited company as they exist, there is no dissolution, hence neither section 45 (4) nor section 45 (1) of the income tax is applicable. When shares of Companies allotted to Partners in consideration of Capital standing in their accounts in the firm there is no transfer of capital assets as contemplated under section 2(47) (iii) of the Income Tax Act (i.e. compulsory acquisition, thereof under any law) of the Firm to the Company, as partners are getting their own right to share Capital. In Will Pack Packaging Vs. Dy. CIT (2003) 78 TTJ (Ahd.) 448 also taken the view that, corporatisation of the firm under the part IX route did not attract liability to Capital Gains in the hands of the firm. In Vali Pattabhiram Roa v Shri Ramaniya Ginnning &Rice Factory (P) Ltd. (1986) 60 Comp cas 568 (AP), the Court has held that there is no transfer under general law if the constitution of the firm is changed in to that of company by registering it under part IX of the Companies Act, as there shall be statutory vesting of title of all the properties of the firm in the newly incorporated company without any need for a separate conveyance, section 5 of the Transfer of Property Act is not attracted, even stamp duty is not leviable. As per the explanatory memorandum to the Finance (No. 2) Act, 1998, [235 ITR (St.) 35 (58), the exemption form the levy of Capital Gains in cases of business reorganisation was brought out on the basis of the recommendation of the Expert Group. The Finance (No.2) Act, 1998, has inserted section 47 (xiii) with effect from 1st April 1999, to exempt the transfer of business on conversion of partnership concern in to company. This mode of conversion is now preferred mode, as there would be no Capital Gain tax liability. However, various restrictions like, continuation of 50% of total voting power in the company, and their shareholding to minimum period of five years from the date of succession will have to be satisfied. As regards the levy of stamp duty on such conversion is also not free from doubt. Similarly, if the business is carried on tenanted premises if the firm is converted in to corporate, the consent of land lord may be required, in view of the ratio laid down by the supreme court in General Radio &Appliances Co Ltd v Khadar (MA) (1986) 60 comp cas 1013 (SC). In a case where a firm is registered as per the procedure prescribed under part IX of the Companies Act, the property vests in the Company by operation of law, therefore, if the Firm has the tenancy which will vest in the Company, by operating Law, hence, the consent of the land lord may not be required. Section 3 of the Gift tax is ceased to apply with effect from 1-10-1998, hence, before conversion to corporate, it may be desirable for the Partners to amend the profit sharing ratio, or Capital ratio or may Revalue the immovable assets, Trademark, etc to determine the correct worth of the firm and may issue shares accordingly. Considering the advantages, those who desire to convert, firm into a company, the part IX route under the Companies Act seems to have many advantages comparing with other modes of conversion.

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Ms.Usha Kapoor (Expert) 02 June 2018
How to convert a Partnership firm into Pvt limited under Part IX is provided by clicking the
below given link.
Bhaven (Querist) 04 June 2018
I am trying to ascertain whether a particular company has been converted under Part IX as that company is claiming the properties of a certain firm based on Part IX conversion. I made an RTI application and the ROC provided no information saying that the records have been destroyed. I also took inspection but could not find any documents. So how to identify whether a company has been converted under Part IX? Is there anything written on the Certificate of Registration?
KISHAN DUTT RETD JUDGE (Expert) 04 June 2018
Dear Sir,
You question may better be understood and help you by the Chartered Accountants.
Guest (Expert) 04 June 2018
There is " CA Club " of this same Forum . You could contact them and their website details are just below in this same Thread Please

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