George Washington was the first president of the United States of America. He was also known as Father of the American Nation, just as Mahatma Gandhi was known as the Father of the Indian Nation, though there was a lot of difference.
George Washington was first sworn in as President in the year 1789. When his term ended in 1793 he wanted to retire. But he was held in so much esteem and regard that many wanted him to be president for a second term. He agreed on the condition that he would definitely retire in 1797. John Adams was elected the second President in 1797. He stood for a second term in 1800 (for 1801), but lost to Thomas Jefferson, who served two terms till 1809. He did not contest election again though there was no bar on his contesting any number of times. Presidents that followed Thomas Jefferson stuck to the convention until 1940. In November, 1940, President Roosevelt had already served two terms from 1933. But he contested again for a third term breaking the convention followed till then, stating World War II as the reason. He won the election. Again in 1944 he stood for election for a fourth term from 1945 and won stating the same reason. In April, 1945 the war in Europe ended. As though it was destiny Roosevelt also died in April, 1945.
Afterwards in 1952 the American Constitution was amended limiting the terms of a person for Presidency to two. It was the twenty-second amendment. Later Eisenhower lamented that, by limiting the number of terms a person can contest to two, the second term of a President became a lame duck term. Is that so? Does a person aspire to become President to enjoy the position or to serve the people? Limiting the number of terms is intended to encourage persons who really wanted to serve the people and to eliminate power seekers.
Some exceptions have been provided to equality under Articles 15 and 16 of the Constitution of India, with respect to Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes. Such exceptions were extended to other backward castes also later. The justification for such discrimination was that those lower castes were oppressed for such a long time, that now they needed special consideration so that they could come up and equal the upper castes. Assuming that this premise is correct, with such support they would no more need reservations after some time. In other words, all reservations should be close ended with an expiry date. Before the expiry date there should be a review and a purposeful decision based on the findings whether to continue the reservations or not and the Parliament should vote on it. This exercise should be repeated every, say, 15 or 20 years until it was found that reservations were no more necessary. Permanent discriminations are against the principle of equality enshrined in the Constitution.
Similarly for MP’s, MLA’s, Chief Ministers, Prime Minister and cabinet ministers, the number of terms a person can serve, should also be limited. In the USA, thereto unknown persons become President every 4 or 8 years. In India potential leaders permanently remain in the oblivion. Those in power remain permanently in power until death and develop a vested interest.
An environment in which new persons can aspire to come to high positions should be created.