There is no particular section for rumours in Indian law bur rumours in the form of defamation is a crime under tort law. is a false statement communicated to someone else to damage your reputation or good name. Defamation through writing is called “libel”; spoken defamation is called “slander.”
To win damages against someone who has libeled you, you must prove the written statement was:
- Harmed your reputation or your business’s reputation
- published to at least one other person about you or your business specifically,
- and made with some degree of fault and intention.
Slander - The defamatory statement is made by spoken words. It is a civil injury only and not a criminal offense except in certain cases.
Section 505(1) of Indian Penal Code: The punishment for making, publishing or circulating any statement, rumor or report which may cause fear or alarm to the public, or to any section of the public may extend to 3 years or fine or both.
Section 66D of Information Technology Act: Whoever, by means for any communication device or computer resource, cheats by personating will be liable for imprisonment of either descripttion for a term which may extend to three years and shall also be liable to fine which may extend to one lakh rupees.
Section 54 of the Disaster Management Act, 2005: Whoever makes or circulates a false alarm or warning as to disaster or its severity or magnitude, leading to panic is subject to imprisonment which may extend to one year or with fine.
During the Coronavirus lockdown Maharashtra police have registered as many as 51 cases across the state against various individuals spreading fake news, rumours and false or fraudulent claims concerning the pandemic.
I hope this solves your query.