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Shree. ( Advocate.)     20 July 2008



HI! An incident took place in Delhi - a young girl was raped by a man posing as a plain clothes officer; he asked her to come to the police station when she and her male friend didn't have a driver's license to show. He sent the boy off to get his license and asked the girl to accompany him to the police station. Took her instead to an isolated area where the horrendous crime was committed. The law [which most are not aware of] clearly states that between 6 pm and 6 am, a woman has the right to REFUSE to go to the Police Station, even if an arrest warrant has been issued against her. It is a procedural issue that a woman can be arrested between 6 pm and 6 am, ONLY if she is arrested by a woman officer and taken to an ALL WOMEN police station. And if she is arrested by a male officer, it has to be proven that a woman officer was on duty at the time of arrest. Please fwd this to as many girls you know.. Also to boys.. coz this can help them protect their wives, sisters and mothers. It is good for us to know our rights. To what extent it comes of use remains to be seen in any situation. But as they say, knowledge is power. I did not know this and am sure some of us don't ? please be informed..

Take a look here...

Plz don't forget to share your opinion at the bottom of the article.


 23 Replies

lawyers friend (na)     20 July 2008

nice info....thanks

Kanhaiya Singh (Advocate)     20 July 2008

Thanks Shree ! for the detailed information.

SANJAY DIXIT (Advocate)     21 July 2008

Thanks for the link.

Guest (n/a)     21 July 2008

Thanx very much shree... Your information was really wonderful to know about..

umapathi.s (Advocate)     21 July 2008

thanks for the informative post

Amit (LEGAL OFFICER)     21 July 2008

Thank you.

podicheti.srinivas (advocate/legal consultant)     21 July 2008

thank you shree for the information

kiranpothuri (area manager in stock broking company)     22 July 2008

good onformation,thank you, keep give good msgs

rajvinder (lawter)     10 August 2008

thanx for increasing  our knowledge


sumit srivastava (Advocate)     13 August 2008

Thanks shree for such information.Can u plz tell that where this provision is given and if possible any case laws on it.

shamit sanyal (advocate)     16 August 2008

this one i am adding in furtherence to Shrees post










DATE OF JUDGMENT:   01/08/1997

















              THE 1ST DAY OF AUGUST, 1997


              Hon'ble Dr. Justice A.S. Anand

              Hon'ble Mr. Justice K.T. Thomas

Dr. A.M. Singhvi, Additional Solicitor General (A.C.), Ms.

Suruchi Agarwal, Sushil Kumar Jain, Y.P. Dhamija, B. Krishna

Prasad, Ms. A. Subhashini,   B.B. Singh, Uma Nath Singh,

B.S. Chahar, Ashok Mathur, Ms. Hemantika Wahi, Ms. Nandini

Mukherjee, Kailash Vasdev, C.K. Sasi Raj Kumar Mehta, Dilip

Sinha,    K.R. Nagaraja,     Ms. S. Janani,     Aruneshwar   Gupta,

G. Prakash,   Ms. Beena       Prakash,   Shakil   Ahmed   Syed,

S.N. Jadhav,   D.M. Nargolkar,        A.S. Pundit,      R.B. Misra,

Gunture Prabhakar, Prem Malhotra, M. Veerappa, R.S. Sodhi,

J.K. Manhas, V. Krishnamurthy, D.N. Mukherjee, T. Sridharan,

Gopal Singh,      D.S. Mehra, Ms.   Kamakshi Singh Mehlwal,

V.G. Pragasam and Ms. Kamini Jaiswal, Advs. with him for the

appearing parties.

                      O R D E R

The following Order of the Court was delivered:


           WRIT PETITION (CRL) no. 592 OF 1987

                      O R D E R

     On December 18, 1996 in D.K. Basu Versus State of West

Bengal (1997 (1) SCC 416), this court laid down certain

basic "requirements" to be followed in all cases of arrest

or detention till legal provisions are made in that behalf

as a       measure to   prevent custodial   violence.   The

requirements read as follows.

     "1. The police personnel carrying

     out the arrest and handling the

     interrogation   of    the       arrestee

     should bear accurate, visible and

     clear identification and name clear

     identification and name tags with

     their    designations.          The

     particulars of   all such police

     personnel who handle interrogation

     of the arrestee must be recorded in

     a register.

     2.       That     the police    officer

     carrying out the   arrest    of the

     arrestee shall prepare a      memo of

     arrest at   the time of arrest and

     such memo     shall be attested by at

     least one witness, who may either

     be a member of the family of the

     arrestee or a respectable person of

     the locality from where the arrest

     is      made.      It shall also   be

     countersigned by the arrestee and

     shall contain the time and date of


     3.       A person who has been arrested

     or detained and is being held in

     custody in a police station or

     interrogation centre or other lock-

     up, shall be entitled to have one

     friend or relative or other person

     know to him or having interest in

     his welfare being informed, as soon

     as practicable, that he has been

     arrested and is being detained at

     the particular place, unless the

     attesting witness    of the     memo of

     arrest is    himself such a friend or

     a relative of the arrestee.

     4.       The time, place of arrest and

     venue of custody of an     arrestee

     must be notified by the police

     where the next friend or relative

     of the arrestee lives outside the

     district or town through the Legal

     Aid Organisation in the     District

     and the police station of the area

     concerned telegraphically   within a

     period of 8 to 12 hours after the


     5.       The person arrested must be

     made aware    of this right to have

     someone informed of his arrest or

     detention as soon as he    is put

     under arrest or is detained.

     6.       An entry must be made in the

     diary at the place of detention

     regarding the arrest of the person

     which shall also disclose the name

     of the next fried of the person who

     has been informed of the arrest and

     the names       and particulars    of the

     police officials in whose    custody

     the arrestee is.

     7.       The arrestee      should, where he

     so requests, be also examined at

     the time of his arrest and major

     and minor       injuries, if any present

     on his/her       body, must be recorded

     at      that time.    The "Inspection

     Memo" must   be signed both by the

     arrestee and the   police   officer

     effecting the arrest and       its copy

     provided to the arrestee     and  the

     police officer effecting the arrest

     and its    copy provided    to the


     8.       The      arrestee    should    be

     subjected to medical examination by

     a trained doctor    every 48 hours

     during his       detention in custody by

     a doctor on the panel of approved

     doctors appointed        by   Director,

     Health Services of the State or

     Union     Territory      concerned.

     Director, Health   Services should

     prepare such   a    penal     for all

     tehsils and districts as well.

     9.       Copies of all the documents

     including the   memo of     arrest,

     referred to above, should   be sent

     to the Illega Magistrate      for his


     10. The arrestee   may be permitted

     to       meet     his lawyer    during

     interrogation, though      not

     throughout the interrogation.

     11. A police control room could be

     provided at all district and State

     headquarters,   where   information

     regarding the arrest and the place

     of custody of the arrestee shall be

     communicated by the officer causing

     the arrest, within 12 hours of

     effecting the arrest and      at the

     police control room it should be

     displayed on a conspicuous notice


     This court       also opined that failure to comply with the

above requirements,   apart from rendering the official

concerned liable for departmental action, would also render

him liable to be punished for contempt of court and     the

proceedings for contempt of court could be instituted in any

High Court of country, having territorial jurisdiction over

the matter. This Court further observed :

     "The requirements mentioned above

     shall be forwarded to the Director

     General   of    every   State/Union

     Territory and it     shall be their

     obligation to circulate the same to

     every police station under their

     charge and get the same notified at

     every police station under their

     charge and get the same notified at

     every   police    station at    a

     conspicuous place.        It would also

     be useful and serve larger interest

     to broadcast the   requirements on

     All India Radio besides being shown

     on      the       national   Network   of

     Doordarshan any by publishing and

     distributing pamphlets in the local

     language    containing    these

     requirements for information of the

     general public. Creating awareness

     about the lights of the arrestee

     would in our opinion be a step in

     the right   direction to combat the

     evil of custodial crime and bring

     in transparency and accountability.

     It is hoped and accountability. It

     is      hoped   that thee requirements

     would help     to curb, if not totally

     eliminate,    the       use       of    a

     questionable     methods      during

     interrogation   and   investigation

     leading to       custodial commission of


     More than      seven   months  have     elapsed  since    the

directions were issued.    Through these petitions, Dr.

Singhvi, the learned Amicus Curiae, who had assisted   the

Court in the main petition, seeks a direction, calling upon

the Director General of Police and the Home   Secretary of

every State/union   Territory   to   report to        this      Curt

compliance of the above directions and the steps taken by

the All   India Radio and the National Network of Doordarshan

for broadcasting the requirements.

     We   direct     the Registry      to send a copy of   this

application, together with a   copy     of this order to

respondents 1 to 31 to have the report/reports from     the

Director General of Police and the Home Secretary of the

concerned State/Union    Territory, sent   to    this   Court

regarding the compliance of the above directions concerning

arrestees. The report shall indicate in a tabular from a to

which of the "requirements" has been carried out and in what

manner, as also which      are the   "requirements" which still

remain to be carried out and the steps being taken       for

carrying out those.

     Report shall also be obtained from the Directors of All

India Radio and Doordarshan regarding broadcasts made.

     The notice      on respondents   1 to 31, in addition, may also be   served through   the standing counsel of   the respective State/union   Territories in the Supreme Court. After the reports are received, copies of the same shall be furnished to the Advocate on Record for Dr.      Singhvi, Ms.Suruchi Agarwal, Advocate.

     The reports shall be submitted to this court in the terms, indicated above, within    six weeks from today.     The matters shall be put up on board for monitoring, after seven




asokan (cs)     19 August 2008

Dear Shree, 

Thanz  for the information posted. It would be a good legal awareness  for all.    

J. P. Shah (RTI & CONSUMER ACTIVIST)     25 August 2008


Rajan Salvi (Lawyer)     25 August 2008

1995 Cr. L.J. 4223 ( Bom H.C.) Christian Welfare... V/s Government of Maharashtra


" State government should issue instructions immediately in unequivocal and unambigous terms to all concerned that no female person shall be detained or arrested without the presence of lady constable and in no case , after sunset and before sunrise."


A nation is known by the way it treats its women, old persons and prisoners. Its a shame .



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