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Sagar Kotak (Student)     18 September 2014

Difference between the following legal terminologies

A) I am really confused with the meanings of synonymous looking legal terminologies.
If Someone could please clearly explain me the difference between the following Legal Terminologies :-


B)Also pls explain the fundamental difference between
1.An Act
2.A Statute
3.A Code.

How do each of the above differ from each other ?

Awaiting an early reply

Sagar A.Kotak


 5 Replies

Hardeep (Business)     19 September 2014

A section is generic term. Articles refer to constitutional provisions. Orders and Rules come from " delegated legislation " - as made by municipality, tribunals etc under powers granted to them by legislature.


An Act or Statute are formal laws arrived at via the legislative process. They are synonymous. A Code is a systematically arranged collection of laws and rules and standards enforced by a Government for public matters such as Crime, Health etc.


Above is AFAIK.  Seniors may add / correct.

1 Like

Sagar Kotak (Student)     19 September 2014

Thank you so much Mr. Hardeep for your prompt reply !

Zeta Teresa Pereira   16 January 2020

Dear Sir,

1. Section- refers to a distinct portion or provision of a legal code or set of laws, often establishing a particular legal requirement.

2. Article- It is a separate and distinct part of a written statement such as contract, statute or constitution that is often divided into sections.

3. Order- A formal written direction given by a member of the judiciary. 

4. Rules- An established standard, guide or regulation governing conduct, procedure or action. 

5. Act-  It is a bill that has passed through various legislative steps required for it and which has become law. 

6. Statute-  It is a written law passed by the legislature. 

7. Code-   It is a collection of already existing laws.

Hope this clears your doubt.



1 Like

Samayeta Bal   18 December 2020

Hello there,

An act is a bill that has passed through the various legislative steps required for it and which has become law. So, simply put, an act is the formally codified result of deliberation by a legislative body.

An article is a separate and distinct part of a written instrument, such as a contract, statute, or constitution, that is often divided into sections. A written instrument, containing a series of rules and stipulations that are each designated as an article.

A section is the distinct and numbered subdivisions in legal codes, statutes, and textbooks.

The basic difference between an act, an article, and a section would thus be that one is the sub-division of the other.

It goes as an act (the biggest) which has articles sections divides which.

When a Bill is proposed to be enacted, it shall be presented before the respected legislatures (law-making bodies) for approval. After they approve it, they present the bill before the president. The bill, with the consent of the president, shall come into force as an Act, a Law, or a Statute.

An Article or a section which are numbered are meant to indicate or reflect a specific provision of an Act or a Law.

Hope I could answer your question.

With regards,

Samayeta Bal.

1 Like

Preksha Goyal   14 May 2021

Sections: A section refers to a discrete portion or provision of a legal code or a set of laws, establishing a particular legal requirement. For example- Section 5 of the Indian Contract Act. A section is the numbered subdivisions in legal codes, statutes, and textbooks.

Articles: When any fundamentally critical document is framed or drafted which could be a grundnorm of that system at the political, national, or international level, then, for the most part, it's separated from the customary municipal laws by relating its provisos as articles instead of sections. For example - the United Nations Charter, International Conventions, Constitution of a country, and so on, from where different laws or rules originate. Otherwise, municipal laws normally contain sections.

Orders: Every direction or mandate of a judge or a court, that is not a judgment or a legal opinion directing that something is to be done or that, there is a prohibition against some act. This can range from an order that a case will be tried on a certain date, to, an order that a convicted defendant be executed at the state prison.

Rules: A Rule is a subsidiary enactment that helps in governing law. They're secondary in nature, meaning thereby that they don’t have an independent existence of their own. They're made to make the parent Act function. The rules provide for the details that haven't been provided for in the Act, however, Rules by no means can transcend the facility conferred by the Act, or extend the same.

Act: An act is a bill that has passed through the various legislative steps required for it and which has become law. An act is the formally codified results of deliberation by a legislative body.

Statute: The statute is initiated when a bill presents on the assembly by the member of the assembly or at the time when it's proposed by them. If the bill is passed by the two houses of parliament or the state assembly and it is accepted when it is approved by the president in a center or the governor in the state. The time when the bill becomes law there are numerous provisions in the bill, then it is called the statute. The word statute has the meaning or it represents the changing of the status of the bill to law.

Code: a set of written laws gathered together, usually covering the particular subject matter. Thus, a state may have a civil code, corporation’s code, education code, evidence code, health and safety codes, insurance code, labor code, motor vehicle code, penal code, revenue and taxation code, etc. Federal statutes which deal with legal matters are grouped together in codes. There are statutes that aren't codified. Despite their apparent permanence, codes are constantly being amended by legislative bodies. Some codes are administrative and have the force of law although they were created and adopted by regulatory agencies and aren't actually statutes or laws.

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