Difference between the following legal terminologies

A) I am really confused with the meanings of synonymous looking legal terminologies.
If Someone could please clearly explain me the difference between the following Legal Terminologies :-


B)Also pls explain the fundamental difference between
1.An Act
2.A Statute
3.A Code.

How do each of the above differ from each other ?

Awaiting an early reply

Sagar A.Kotak


A section is generic term. Articles refer to constitutional provisions. Orders and Rules come from " delegated legislation " - as made by municipality, tribunals etc under powers granted to them by legislature.


An Act or Statute are formal laws arrived at via the legislative process. They are synonymous. A Code is a systematically arranged collection of laws and rules and standards enforced by a Government for public matters such as Crime, Health etc.


Above is AFAIK.  Seniors may add / correct.

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Thank you so much Mr. Hardeep for your prompt reply !

Dear Sir,

1. Section- refers to a distinct portion or provision of a legal code or set of laws, often establishing a particular legal requirement.

2. Article- It is a separate and distinct part of a written statement such as contract, statute or constitution that is often divided into sections.

3. Order- A formal written direction given by a member of the judiciary. 

4. Rules- An established standard, guide or regulation governing conduct, procedure or action. 

5. Act-  It is a bill that has passed through various legislative steps required for it and which has become law. 

6. Statute-  It is a written law passed by the legislature. 

7. Code-   It is a collection of already existing laws.

Hope this clears your doubt.



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Hello there,

An act is a bill that has passed through the various legislative steps required for it and which has become law. So, simply put, an act is the formally codified result of deliberation by a legislative body.

An article is a separate and distinct part of a written instrument, such as a contract, statute, or constitution, that is often divided into sections. A written instrument, containing a series of rules and stipulations that are each designated as an article.

A section is the distinct and numbered subdivisions in legal codes, statutes, and textbooks.

The basic difference between an act, an article, and a section would thus be that one is the sub-division of the other.

It goes as an act (the biggest) which has articles sections divides which.

When a Bill is proposed to be enacted, it shall be presented before the respected legislatures (law-making bodies) for approval. After they approve it, they present the bill before the president. The bill, with the consent of the president, shall come into force as an Act, a Law, or a Statute.

An Article or a section which are numbered are meant to indicate or reflect a specific provision of an Act or a Law.

Hope I could answer your question.

With regards,

Samayeta Bal.

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