house arrest


संविधान द्वारा विधि में ऐसा कोई धारा आर्टिकल सेक्शन जो आईपीसी सीआरपीसी जिसमें किसी को house arrest किया जाता हो ऐसे किसी को कब कौन से जुर्म में हाउस अरेस्टर का प्रावधान हैI जब कोई हाउस अरेस्ट होता है तो उस पर कौन सी धारा लगाई गई होती है क्या भारतीय कानून में है ऐसा प्रावधान कृपया रिप्लाई करें
 
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Hi,

Answering your question,

House arrest refers to confining a person’s movements within his house or any other place of choice. Apart from restricting communication, the person is also under constant police surveillance.

As per the law, the criminal laws in India have no provision to place a person under house arrest. According to the Code of Criminal Procedure, only two kinds of custody are possible — police custody or judicial remand.

Article 142 of the Indian Constitution which grants the court power to pass any orders “necessary for doing complete justice in any cause or matter pending before it”.

While the orders must not be contrary to existing laws, nothing prevents the court from passing orders on issues where there are no laws.

Even though it is not mentioned in the statutory rules, there are recent cases in which the court passed orders of house arrest are like:

  1. Romila Thapar vs Union Of India on 28 September, 2018
  2. Gautam Navlakha vs State (Nct Of Delhi) & Ors on 1 October 2018
  3. Hardik vs State & Ors on 9 September, 2016

Hope this resolves your query.

Regards,

Archit.

 
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नमस्ते,

आपके प्रश्न का उत्तर देते हुए,

हाउस अरेस्ट से तात्पर्य किसी व्यक्ति को अपने घर या किसी अन्य स्थान पर रखने से है। संचार को प्रतिबंधित करने के अलावा, व्यक्ति को निरंतर पुलिस निगरानी में भी रखा जाता है।

कानून के अनुसार, भारत में आपराधिक कानूनों में किसी व्यक्ति को हाउस अरेस्ट के तहत रखने का कोई प्रावधान नहीं है। आपराधिक प्रक्रिया संहिता के अनुसार, केवल दो प्रकार की हिरासत संभव है - पुलिस हिरासत या न्यायिक रिमांड।

भारतीय संविधान का अनुच्छेद 142 के अनुसार किसी भी कारण या इससे पहले लंबित मामले में पूर्ण न्याय करने के लिए आवश्यक किसी भी आदेश को पारित करने के लिए अदालत की शक्ति प्रदान करता है।

जबकि आदेश मौजूदा कानूनों के विपरीत नहीं होने चाहिए, ऐसा कुछ भी नहीं है  जो मुद्दों पर आदेश पारित करने से अदालत को रोकता है।

 

हालांकि इसका उल्लेख वैधानिक नियमों में नहीं है, फिर भी हाल ही में ऐसे मामले हैं जिनमें अदालत ने हाउस अरेस्ट के आदेश दिए हैं:

1) 28 सितंबर, 2018 को रोमिला थापर बनाम भारत संघ

2) 1 अक्टूबर 2018 को गौतम नवलखा बनाम राज्य (दिल्ली का नक्षत्र) और ओआरएस

3) 9 सितंबर, 2016 को हार्दिक बनाम राज्य और संगठन

 

आशा है कि यह आपके प्रश्न को हल करेगा।

 

सादर,

अर्चित।

 

 
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Advocate

House arrest meaning (additionally called home confinement, home detention, or, in modern times, electronic monitoring) is a measure by which a man is bound by the authorities to their house. Just those with a house are permitted to be condemned to arrest in their residence. Travel is generally limited, whenever permitted by any means. House arrest is an option to being in jail while pre-trial or sentenced.

It is utilized by criminal justice frameworks around the globe and frequently involves various requirements. There are a few types of house arrest, which depend upon the seriousness of the necessities and of the court orders.

 
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Advocate

House arrest is requested with a strict set of rules and regulations. These can include:

  • Permitting the probation officer to call your home at any time to guarantee that you are available
  • Permitting the probation officer to check your home to guarantee no drugs or liquor are available
  • Sticking to a strict time limitation
  • Submitting to drug and liquor testing
  • Taking part in community service, counselling or other rehabilitative services
 
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Advocate

There are limitations on when a judge can enforce house arrest

A judge can just enforce a house arrest if:

  • the sentence of imprisonment is under two years;
  • the offender has not been indicted for a criminal offence that requires a minimum amount of prison time;
  • the offender has not been sentenced for heinous personal injury offence, a terrorism offence, or a criminal association offence prosecuted by indictment for which the maximum term of imprisonment is ten years or more;
  • the judge is fulfilled that having the wrongdoer serve the sentence in the community is according to the principles of the Criminal Code.
 
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Advocate

The kinds of house arrest differ in seriousness as indicated by the prerequisites of the court order. A time limitation may confine a guilty party to their house at specific occasions, for the most part amid long stretches of murkiness. “Home confinement” or detainment requires a guilty party to stay at home consistently, aside from the aforementioned special cases. The most severe level of house arrest is “home incarceration”, under which an offender is limited to their house 24 hours seven days a week, only court-approved treatment programs, court appearances, and medical appointments are allowed

In some exceptional cases, it is allowed for an individual to be set under house arrest without trial or legal representation, and subject to limitations on their associations. In a few nations, this sort of detainment without trial has been scrutinized for breaching the wrongdoer's human rights to a fair trial. In nations with authoritarian frameworks of government, the legislature may utilize such measures to stifle dissent.

 
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Advocate

The provision of arrest is a piece of the Code of Criminal Procedure. There is no provision of house arrest in any of the codes.

House arrest isn't something which is normally practised because it is done only in extraordinary conditions.

Courts which have inherent powers can order for house arrest of any individual, the provision of which isn't statutorily available. This sort of arrest is not like statutory arrest limits certain freedom on conditions enforced by the Court directing it. For instance, it might be not permitted by the Court to have internet access, PCs or telephone or restrict meeting with journalists. The arrestee may have friends or relatives over subject to the request of the Court.

 
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Advocate

Advantages of the House arrest is that of access to medical treatment. The arrestee may need to endure the cost of the confinement as he or she would have borne if he had not been arrested. The state may not manage the expense. The expense of the detainment is likewise subjected to the condition that might be enforced by the Court.

 
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