The right to privacy can be understood within two fundamental rights: right to freedom under article 19 and right to life under article 21. The Right to Information Act 2005, makes an exception under Section 8(1)(j) which exempts disclosure of any personal information not related to public interest or which would lead unwarranted invasion of privacy of an individual. The media is governed by different self-governing media bodies like Press Council of India, NBSA etc.
In case of a representative of public the right to privacy is not of the same degree as provided to a private individual. The PCI has laid down the Norms for Journalist Conduct that state that degree of privacy depends on the circumstances and the person concerned.In case of private individuals the degree of protection is comparatively higher than in case of public servants which can be lower depending on what is at stake. In order to test whether the information falls into the ambit of RTI one should consider-
1. The disclosure of personal information has the aim to provide proper knowledge about the performance of duties and tasks assigned to the public servant.
2. whether the information comprises of individual's private details not related to his position in the organisation
3. The information disclosed will establish the transparency and accountability in the use of public resources.