R.C. Lahoti, J.
1. What is the meaning to be assigned to the phrases "the principal sum adjudged" and "such principal sum" as occurring in Section 34 of the Code of Civil Procedure, 1908 [as amended by the Code of Civil Procedure (Amendment) Act (66 of 1956) w.e.f. 1.1.1957], a question of frequent recurrence and having for reaching implications in suits for recovery of money, specially those filed by banking institutions against their borrowers, has been referred by a three-Judges Bench of this court to the Constitution Bench.
2. It will be useful to reproduce the order of reference dated 7^th May, 1996 so as to highlight the nature and scope of controversy arising for decision before the Constitution Bench: