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John Miller (Business Strategist)     26 November 2020

What is the difference between sole proprietorship and opc?

What is the difference between a sole proprietorship and an OPC?


 6 Replies

Pradipta Nath (Advocate)     26 November 2020

OPC is treated as a separate legal entity under the Companies Act, 2013; sole proprietorship is not treated as a separate legal entity.

LegalWizin (Online Legal Service)     27 November 2020

A Proprietorship Firm and OPC (One Person Company) both are the entities where a person is looking for the business without interfere of any other person such as Partner or co-founder.

Sole Proprietorship Firm is form of organisation, where the proprietor (owner) has the freedom of Policy and Decision making without interference of Third Parties and is best suitable for small businesses & unorganised sector. Here, the identity of Owner and Firm is not separate. The liability of the owner is unlimited and extends to the personal assets of the owner.

The One Person Company (OPC) is a type of Private Limited Company with higher flexibility. There is only one member (shareholder) in the OPC and one Director. Here, both shareholder and Director can be same person; hence control on business will not be diluted. The identity of both member and company is separate and the liability of the member is limited. OPC is best option for a single promoter to get entry in Corporate World with higher flexibility compared to other corporates.

Both organisations are suitable based on the requirements and nature of the business. You may consult our professionals at 89806 85509 or drop an e-mail at for free to know which is the best suitable organisation structure for your business and requirements. can help you to establish your Business as Sole Proprietor as well as One Person Company at affordable prices in simple and hassle-free manner.

P. Venu (Advocate)     28 November 2020

What are the facts? What is the context?

Samayeta Bal   01 December 2020

Hey there, 

Here is the difference between OPC and sole proprietorship

One Person Company Sole Proprietorship

The owner and business are considered two separate entities.

The owner and the business are defined as a single entity. 
The owner's liability is limited to their investment in the company. If the business incurs a loss it is the responsibility of the owner.
It is registered as a Private Limited Company and hence under the income tax act for private companies. Income generated is treated as the owner's income and hence taxed as an individual's income.

OPC needs to have a nominee designated by its member. 

 Succession can only take place through the execution of the Last Testament, which may or may not be challenged in a court of law.

Hope I could solve your problem.

With regards,

Samayeta Bal.

Shreya Taneja   20 June 2021

In terms of law and operation, an OPC differs from a sole proprietorship. The words "one person company" and "sole proprietorship" sound similar. OPC is considered as if it were a private firm, with its own legal entity and limited liability. A "One Person Company" is a business that has only one member. It is also treated as if it were a private corporation. Every one-person firm must hold at least one Board of Directors meeting in each half of the calendar year, with a minimum gap of ninety days between the two meetings. A sole proprietorship, unlike a partnership or a corporation, is not a legal entity. The benefit to sole proprietors is that they do not have to attend board meetings or annual meetings. Their signature appears on the returns. They work on a flexible schedule. Individuals must file a personal income tax return to report their earnings and losses. It simply refers to the owner of a company who is personally liable for its debts.

juststart (Legal Services)     21 August 2023

The key difference between a sole proprietorship registration and a One Person Company (OPC) lies in their legal structure. A sole proprietorship is an unincorporated business owned and managed by a single individual, where the owner has unlimited liability and is personally responsible for all aspects of the business.

On the other hand, an OPC is a distinct legal entity that offers limited liability protection to its single shareholder. This means the shareholder's liability is restricted to the extent of their investment, safeguarding their personal assets. Additionally, OPCs have a separate legal identity, allowing them to contract, own property, and conduct business independently. While both structures cater to individual business owners, OPCs provide an enhanced level of liability protection and legal recognition compared to sole proprietorships.

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