Vittal Morae 11 June 2021
Vasundhara Singh (Student) 11 June 2021
Under Indian laws, defamation is of two types, civil and criminal. In civil law, defamation falls under torts and the remedy for it is to claim damages for the harm caused due to such defamation. Whereas in criminal law, Section 499 of IPC deals with the offence of defamation. It is a non-cognizable, bailable offense. To file a civil case in defamation, it has to be fulfilled that the statement has lowered the position of the person in front of members of the society and he has suffered some damage due to such statement. The case has to be filed by the defamed person and no one else can do so on his behalf and it should be published in such a manner that it came to be known to other people and not just the plaintiff.
In the case of criminal defamation, it has to be proved that the statement was made intentionally and with the knowledge that it will affect the reputation of the other in the eyes of his society.
The defamation should have caused some kind of damage or loss to the complainant to have a case and if the statements made were true or as fair comment, then it will not be constituted as defamation.
Vittal Morae 12 June 2021