According to your query, the most relevant section that deals with actions like these is the Section 301 of IPC.
Section 301 of the Indian Penal Code (IPC), 1860 deals with 'Culpable homicide by causing death of person other than person whose death was intended'.
This section states that -
"If a person, by doing anything which he intends or knows to be likely to cause death, commits culpable homicide by causing the death of any person, whose death he neither intends nor knows himself to be likely to cause, the culpable homicide committed by the offender is of the descripttion of which it would have been if he had caused the death of the person whose death he intended or knew himself to he likely to cause.".
Therefore, such a person would be held liable and charged under Section 304A of IPC for causing death by negligence. This is because his negligent acts lead to the death of the child.
The punishment under Section 304A can be read as follows -
"Whoever causes the death of any person by doing any rash or negligent act not amounting to culpable homicide shall be punished with imprisonment of either descripttion for a term which may extend to two years, or with fine, or with both."
In addition to this, the person 'A' would also be held liable under section 351 of IPC for 'Assault' and under section 319 of IPC for causing 'Hurt' respectively.
This section 351 IPC states that -
"Whoever makes any gesture, or any preparation intending or knowing it to be likely that such gesture or preparation will cause any person present to apprehend that he who makes that gesture or preparation is about to use criminal force to that person, is said to commit an assault."
While Section 319 states that -
"Whoever causes bodily pain, disease or infirmity to any person is said to cause hurt."
NANNE KHAN v/s STATE of MP is a relevant case law regarding to your query, under which the accused was held liable under section 304A IPC.
Have a look at the said case for more inputs.
Thus, in total, person 'A' here has commenced many offences, but as part of choosing One offence from the provided it would be 'Hurt'. This is because, it's an offence he voluntarily committed.
Hope It Helps
Kevin M. Paul
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