The meaning of lis pendens is a pending legal action. Lis means the suit and pendens means continuing or pending. Thi doctrine has been derived from a Latin maxim "Ut pendent nihil innovetur" which means that during litigation nothing should be changed.
This has been covered under Section 52 of the Transfer of Property Act, 1882.
Lis pendens denotes a suit pending between two private individuals. It can only be filed if a claim is related to property and not in criminal cases.