B. Constitution of India, 1950 - Article 21 - Speedy trial - Courts have a duty to proceed with the criminal cases at a reasonable pace. Court has to weigh several factors and perform a balancing process and determine whether the right of speedy trial has been denied.
C. Criminal Rules of Practice - Rule 16 - Application for splitting up of a case in which some accused have not appeared, despite the passage of reasonable time, cannot be declined on the ground that the process have not been served on them and hence they cannot be considered absconding. When the denial of the right to speedy trial is established, it is inevitable to invoke the powers under R. 16.