Here are few points of Comparison between Companies Act 1956 and Companies Act 2013
Act 1956: Companies were permitted to have financial year ending on a date decide by Company
Act 2013: Companies must have their financial year ending on 31 March every year
Formats of Financial Statement:
Act 1956: Schedule VI
Act 2013: Schedule III
Maximum No. Of Partners:
Act 1956: 10 in banking business and 20 in any other business.
Act 2013: As per rules, subject to Max 100.currently is 50 .
Maximum Shareholders in Pvt Ltd Company
Act 1956: 50 excluding past and present employees
Act 2013: 200 excluding past and present employees
One Person Company
Act 1956: Did not exist
Act 2013: Company which has only one person (natural person) as its member
Issue of Share at Discount
Act 1956: Section 79 permitted issue of shares at a discount.
Act 2013: Section 53 prohibits issue of shares at a discount However, Section 54 permits issue of ESOPs to its employees at a discount.
Security Premium Reserve:
Act 1956: Utilization of Securities Premium Reserve was provided in Sec 77A and 78
Act 2013: Utilization of Securities Premium Reserve is provided in Section 52(2)
Article of Association:
Act 1956: Table A applied where Companies did not adopt their own Articles of Association.
Act 2013: Table F applies where Companies Limited by shares does not adopt their own Articles of Association.
Interest in Calls in Arrears:
Act 1956: In the absence of a clause in the Articles of Association, maximum interest chargeable on Calls-in-arrears was 5% p.a.
Act 2013: In the absence of a clause in the Articles of Association, the maximum interest chargeable on Calls-in-arrears is 10% p.a.
Interest in Calls in Advance:
Act 1956: In the absence of a clause in the Articles of Association, the maximum interest payable on Calls-in-advance was 6% p.a.
Act 2013: In the absence of a clause in the Articles of Association, the maximum interest payable on Calls-in-advance is 12% p.a.
Act 1956: Sec 69, the requirement of minimum subscripttion was with respect to Shares only
Act 2013: Sec39, a company shall not allot Securities unless the amount stated in the prospectus as minimum subscripttion has been subscribed & the sum paid.
Sir, I believe in an attempt to incorporate the latest trends of the corporate world and to incorporate the changes which can provide a boost to the economic growth, the Indian Government had proposed amendments in The Indian Companies Act of 1956. A draft bill seeking amendments in The Indian Companies Act of 1956 was introduced and the same was passed by the upper house of the Parliament i.e. Rajya Sabha. Several changes were accepted with the proposed amendments in the Act.
Hope this helps.