Cheque bounce case between brother and sister

I gave a cheque to my brother, as a gift on his birthday, for Rs one  lakh and the cheque bounced.

I explained to my brother that I had miscalculated my bank balance and I will make up for it in a few months.

But, my bhabhi is barinwashing my brother to threaten me with a 138 case, to extract money out of me.

My brother has given me cash, in the past, for more than one lakh and some gifts in the form of cheques also. 

But, are gifts exchanged between brother and sister legal loans and can there be a 138 case between a brother and sister.  How will one prove that the money given to the other was not a gift but  a loan.  Can my brother even file a case under 138, by arguing that the money paid to me was a loan, not a gift, so my cheque having bounced is a fit case under section 138. Again, when is money given by a brother to a sister considered to be a loan and not a gift - even if the sister asks for that money from the brother.

practicing advocate

To file cas u/s 138 of NI Act there should be legally payable debt.  Mere saying loan was given to you does not suffice, it has to be proved.  Before filing the case he has to issue notice, if he issues the notice then reply to the notice by giving the true facts.  You can also do one thing you write a letter to your brother informng the cheque given to him as gift is miscalculated so dont present it for the encashment, even if it is presented then return it immeidately.

Another thing you can do if you want to issue another cheque, immediately issue another cheque along with a letter informing him that true facts.  


My question still remains, how will a brother prove that money given to his sister was a loan, not a gift.

And on whom rests the onus to prove, in a 138 case, and how can a sister prove that the money given was a gift, but never a loan.


It is a paradox. the main ingredients of 138 proceedings completed it will give rise to a presumption in favour of holder.  so the holder is in accused poisition. ur brother can prove it is loan. your facts now displayed on query will to some what extent give rise of presumption as loan and not a gift.  better speak with your brother and solve the matter.  there are chances of amicable solution exists


The court will presume that it was a legally recoverable debt and onus to prove that it was a gift on you, if the mis calculation was only there you can told him to present the cheque again or you can give him a new cheque for same amount, but it seems that you are not ready to pay him that amount, so you may face prosecution and prima facie case is against you.

ADVOCATE HIGH COURT-criminal /civil

Presumption only for process issue.


You can win the case and so other accused for NI 138 since there are many many technical issues which the court has to decide before conviction.


All the presumptions are only for issue of process not for convication.


There are no of steps where even in lower court case can be dismissed on technicals.


Exactly my understanding too.  Presumtion can only be for the process of issue - all that means is that prima face, there is a case.  However, especially in the Indian culture context, brothers always give money as gifts to their sisters. What about the monetary gifts given by brothers on Rakhi.  I will say it is almost impossible for a brother in India to prove that the money given to his sister was a loan.  What about fathers filing 138 cases against their daughters for money given to their daughters and son in laws during marriage.  What about any cheque given by   a close relative during marriage, bouncing.  Our courts will get clogged with domestic disputes.  Was 138 meant for this purpose.  Even husbands or ex husands could then file 138 cases against their wives.  In these cases, loan does not mean anything unless it is specified to be so, in writing, at the time of giving. Even if the brother was giving a loan, did the sister fully understand that it was a loan that the brother could legally enforce and demand back.  Brothers will often say in India "Give it back to me when you have the money" - Is that a loan for 138 purposes.  I do not think so. Then, come hundreds of other considerations like any transaction over Rs 50000 should be by cheque and mentioned in Income Tax Records.


loan or gift should be evidenced in court...otherwise, not tenable...

relationships in front of court is meaningless...

its either business rules or evidences...

a gift without a gift deed is not...

a loan without proof is not...

relationships in court not matter...

if your brother has given loan and you countered with a cheque you are liable under ni...

pay cash and close... dont run around court... be fooled and fool around...


My brother has not given me any money.  I am just arguing that even if he says he did and he can fraudulently prove that he did, how will he further prove that he gave me a loan.




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