Both O.7,R.14(4) and O.8,R1A(4) CPC reads, "Nothing in this rule shall apply to documents produced for the cross examination of the "Plaintiff witnesses" or handed over to a witness merely to refresh his memory.
Q1. Whether the use of the word "Plaintiff witnesses" in order 7 is an error? Should it have been Defendants witnesses?
The doubt has arisen because O7 deals with production of documents by plaintiff whereas O8 deals with production of documents by Defendant.
Q.2. The 2nd part of the above section which talks about refreshing memory talks about only Witness and does not state Plaintiffs witness. Therefore do one understand that 2nd part is applicable to both Plaintiff and Defendants witnesses?
Q.3 What is the significance of sub rule 14(4) in O7 and sub rule 1A(4) in O.8?
From literal interpretation, probably it means that documents which are not entered in the list & produced and delivered with the plaint or written statement respectively, can be produced without the leave of the court for the purpose of cross examination of plaintiffs witness or refreshing the memory of the witness.
Q.4. It that be so, what happens to the document produced at the time of cross examination of the plaintiffs witness? Will it be exhibited as an admissable evidence, if the plaintiffs witness admits the same? And if the plaintiffs witness does not admit the same, What happens to such a document?