It depends on the whole circumstances of the case!!!
Sec 24 interim maint under HMA (only under HMA and under any other statute) is gender neutral.
If both are not earning and both are in want of assistance from each other then .................. both should plead accordingly.
But courts do refer (and they are supposed to) to other Hindu personal laws and give deference to it and also crpc 125 and thus comprehensive view that comes out of it is that.......... Once a male gets married (Hindu to a Hindu as per HMA ) then it becomes a responsibility of male to maintain female and kids.
Exception here is that: If female is capable of earning and not earning then she is not entitled to it.
But for females it does not mean that mere a 'factum of separation' means a go ahead given by her 'husband' to join studies!!! ........................
if they were living together and Even though as a loving couple ......................... if wife had said that she wants to study ..then husband may say " yes" only if he is capable of paying for her studies or atleast says 'do join the studies, I won't mind if you can't not spare time for household work due to studies etc...but atleast sponsor your studies yourself!!'.
Mere 'Factum of separation' can't be treated as a scholarship or education grant!!!
Law says that, after 'factum of separation' if a spouse has no means to survive then only one is entitled for maint.
By joining studyies, one can't incapacitate oneself !!! (So is applicable to husband also!)