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Padmanabhan.R (na)     13 February 2010

How to write a will deed



How to write a will deed and what are the words to be incorporated in it so as to be a valid one.



 9 Replies

Padmanabhan.R (na)     13 February 2010

Also if you have a template for it please share it.

rajesh saharan (ADVOCATE)     13 February 2010


Attached File : 15 15 will formats.doc downloaded: 2803 times
1 Like

A V Vishal (Advocate)     13 February 2010

A “Will” is a legal declaration of a person’s intention which he desires to be performed after his death. A person who makes a will is said to have died in testate, if not it is intestate. In other words we can tell that a testator is the one who has made a legally valid will before death.Through “Will” one can transfer his property to any person he likes, i.e. Faithful servant, handicapped children, widowed daughter etc. It avoids confusion about the disposal of property, among the family members after his/her death. A will can be created by any person at any stage of life.

Characters of Will
Following are the major characteristics of a will;
1.    A will must be in writing and signed by the testator (except privileged will by soldier/airman engaged in warfare or a mariner being at sea). The signature must be placed in such a way that it shall appear that it was intended to give effect to the instrument as a Will.
2.    The Will should be attested by two or more witness in the presence of the testator. The attesting witnesses need not know the contents of the Will. They are only witnesses to the signature or mark of the testator.
3.    The attesting witness and his/her spouse must not be beneficiary under the will otherwise the bequest (the act of gifting money or property in a will) in their favour would be invalid. However the validity of other bequests under the will not be affected.
4.    It takes effect after the death of the testator.
5.    Will is revocable during the life time of the testator.
6.    Muslims can make an oral will.
7.    There is no particular form for will by law. The language should be as simple as possible and understandable even by a layman.
8.    A Will can be made on plain paper ( need not to be on a stamp paper)
9.    Registration of Will is not compulsory, though it is desirable
Persons authorized to make a Will
Every person of sound mind, not being a minor can dispose of his property by Will. The following are fundamentals for making a valid Will:

Testamentary capacity and sound disposing mind

Knowledge of contents

Free from undue influence/fraud/coercion

Voluntary act

Property that can be disposed by Will
All properties, movable or immovable, of which the testator is owner and which are transferable can be disposed of by a Will. Property which is not legally transferable cannot be bequeathed. It means we cannot write a Will on the property which is legally not transferable. If a person has only a life interest in a property, he can not make a will in respect of it. The right to bequeath the assets according to testator’s wishes is not totally free. He can’t be permitted to make a Will in which he leaves all his property to a charity and in the process reduce his dependant family members to a state of poverty and deprivation.
Who can be a legatee under a Will?
Any person can be a legatee (beneficiary by the will) including a minor or a lunatic. However, a bequest to a person not in existence at the time of testator’s death is void under the Hindu and Muslim laws (This happens when the legatee die before testator). A minor can bequeath property through executor/trustees till the time of attaining majority.
Testator - Is the one who has made a legally valid will before death
Legatee - Beneficiary by the will
Invalid Bequest
1. An impossible condition will render the bequest void or invalid.
2. A bequest upon a condition, the fulfillment of which would be contrary to law or immoral, is void.
Laws of Wills & Inheritance
  • Hindus, Buddhist, Sikh or Jains may execute will as per the section 30 of the Hindu succession Act, 1956. 
  • The law of Will is contained in the part VI of the Indian Succession Act, 1925 and Christians, Parsis, and the Jews are governed by this.
  • Wills made by the Muhammadans are governed by the Muhammadan Law which is basically governed by their religious texts. The inheritance laws for Sunnis are different from those of Shias.
4 Like

Kamlesh soni (advocate)     14 February 2010

good mr.A.V.Vishal. good answer i can say its perfect.

D.Balamurugapandi (Advocate)     16 February 2010

thanking you, decribed about will ,

D.Balamurugapandi (Advocate)     16 February 2010

how to write hypothication deed and kindly explain aboout deed and what are the ingredients of hypothication deed

Anil Agrawal (Retired)     17 February 2010

What happens when the executor does not execute it for 40 years, dies and the two witnesses are also dead and the original will is lost; only a xerox copy is available? What circumstantial evidence can be produced to prove the will?

Jagadeesh Kumar V (Advocate)     13 June 2014

is it necessary to appoint a executor of will?

S K KARNjhc (Legal Adviser)     17 July 2014

you have been elaborated very well by Adv. Mr Vishal sir,

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