Cognizable vs non cognizable offence

ithu rendaiyum explain pannni difference slunga pls

Where are you from? Ungal prichaniyai thelivaga ingey eduthu sollavum



What are the facts? What is the context?


1.rape,murder,killing,henious crimes are all cognizable offence , police cannot wait for the court to give warrant so that they can go at their own time.
2. petty cases like cases civil in nature or any kind of bailable offences , nuisance or threatening, etc..non cognizable in nature, arresting you is waste of time for police 😀... cheque dishonor etc.. proper complaint, investigation, warrant , to be there in non cognizablee

What are the facts vis-a-vis query ?

Write in English and not any other language if you want obligation of experts on this platform.

It is better to consult and engage a local prudent lawyer for appreciation of facts, professional guidance and necessary proceeding, if it is a true story.

Prima facie it is an academic / time pass topic for debate.


Cognizable offences are heinous crimes, whereas non-cognizable offences are not so serious. Cognizable offence encompasses murder, rape, theft, kidnapping, counterfeiting, etc. On the contrary, non-cognizable offences include offences like forgery, cheating, assault, defamation and so forth.

For a cognizable offence, one can file FIR or make a complaint to the magistrate. Unlike, in case of non-cognizable offence one can only make a complaint to the magistrate.

Depending on the severity of the crime, cognizable offences are either bailable or non-bailable in nature, whereas non-cognizable offences are bailable offences. The punishment for non-cognizable offences is imprisonment for less than three years or sometimes fine only, whereas cognizable offences attract punishment with imprisonment for three years or more.




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