Criminal Trident Pack: IPC, CrPC and IEA by Sr. Adv. G.S Shukla and Adv. Raghav Arora
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aatma   15 November 2010

Wife Can Use Dowry Laws to Cover Her Adultery

IN THE SUPREME COURT OF INDIA
CRIMINAL APPELLATE JURISDICTION

CRIMINAL APPEAL NO. 891 of 2004

November 13, 2010
Dr. Sunil Kumar Sambhudayal Gupta & Ors. ...Appellants

Versus

State of Maharashtra ...Respondent

JUDGMENT

Dr. B.S. CHAUHAN, J.


35. It is a clear cut case of gross abuse of the dowry laws. We find it difficult to sustain the conviction of the appellants on the aforesaid counts based upon the inconsistent, embellished and improved statements of the witnesses, which materially contradict their respective statements recorded earlier. The High Court did not dislodge the reasons given by the Trial Court for acquittal. The High Court did not make any reference to the deposition of Dr. Daulatram Nekumal Gurubani (PW.10) in the cross-examination and dealt with the case very casually, adopting a very superficial approach to the whole matter and brushed aside the allegation of an illicit relationship for which there had been documentary evidence on record without recording any cogent reasons for the same. The High Court did not make any attempt to appreciate the evidence with accuracy and reversed the findings of the trial court which were based on the evidence on record and for which detailed reasons had been assigned.


36. In view of the above, the appeal succeeds and is allowed. The judgment and order of the High Court of Bombay, dated 29.4.2004, passed in Criminal Appeal No. 865 of 1987 is set aside. The judgment and order of the Trial court in Sessions Case No. 25/1986 dated 21.5.1987 is hereby restored. The appellants are on bail. Their bail bonds stand discharged.


SC raps Bombay HC for wrongly convicting man
Press Trust Of India
New Delhi, November 13, 2010

Noting that his wife had committed suicide after her illicit relationship was exposed, the Supreme Court has set aside the conviction imposed on a doctor and his parents by the Bombay High Court, saying it was a clear-cut case of gross abuse of dowry laws. The apex court expressed displeasure at the manner in which the Bombay High Court had convicted Dr Sunil Kumar Sambhudayal Gupta by erroneously reversing the acquittal order passed by the sessions court. "The high court dealt with the case very casually, adopting a very superficial approach to the whole matter and brushed aside the allegation of an illicit relationship for which there had been documentary evidence on record," a bench of Justice P Sathasivam and Justice BS Chauhan said.

The apex court said the manner in which the doctor and his parents were framed by the in-laws revealed the extent to which the anti-dowry laws were being abused in the country.

"It is a clear-cut case of gross abuse of dowry laws. The high court did not make any attempt to appreciate the evidence with accuracy and reversed the findings of the trial court which were based on the evidence on record and for which detailed reasons had been assigned," the apex court said.

The court ruling came on an appeal by the doctor, a Mumbai-resident, and his parents. Married in December 1978, Gupta's wife committed suicide in September 1985.

Her brother Rajesh lodged a complaint with the police accusing the husband of ill-treating his sister for dowry culminating in the suicide. The trial court acquitted the three as the prosecution failed to prove the charges against them.

Referring to her going into depression after the exposure of her illicit relationship with a neighbour, the trial court concluded that Gupta's wife "had been suffering from epilepsy, psychosis and depression and had been getting regular treatment for the same."

"Therefore, it was not a case of dowry demand or treating her with cruelty," the trial court had held. But the high court had convicted them, saying the defence had not been able to prove its version. Concurring with the trial court's view, the apex court said, "The high court committed an error in shifting the burden of proof to the defence."



Learning

 4 Replies

Jamai Of Law (propra)     15 November 2010

This was already posted by Avinash ji,

 

But amazing fact is SC is nowhere saying that .....it is the the complainant/prosecution who had maliciously misused the law against in-laws of the deceased who committed suicide.

 

SC is admonishing only the HC for worngly appreciating circumstances and facts of the case!!!

 

Complainants/prosecution's inability to render convincing proofs is 'not a misuse' of laws!! Otherwise the State itself is a biggest culprit and misuser of law!!!

 

 

The defence had additionally brought forth the evidence which weakened the case........

and character of the deceased to raise doubt...

 

But if the husband hadn't brought forth any of the evidences about wife's adultary...still it was sufficient for husband to get aquitted at trial level only.....because the prosecution evidence wasn't convincing enough!!!!

Arup (UNEMPLOYED)     21 November 2010

yes possibility is there.

Munirathnam (Scientist)     13 December 2012

The high court judge must be convicted for his wrong judgement .... or at least must be removed from job for not causing danger to the society.

 

Who is the authority in India that can correct the inefficiency of these kind of judges those could not perform equals to the lower court judges....

 

The high court judges shall be more responsible and more careful than anybody else in the state but if they do like this then they are more danger than anybody else in the country.

Msk-need -nuetral- laws (self)     13 December 2012

I think president of india in his opinion feel that judge is incompetent, he can be removed from job. I read somewhere in Indian polity subject.


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