Criminal Trident Pack: IPC, CrPC and IEA by Sr. Adv. G.S Shukla and Adv. Raghav Arora
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Bhagya   11 June 2016

What is the difference between tm and ® symbols

The representations TM and ® can be very confusing to the untrained eye. While most people think that they can be used as substitutes as they mean the same thing, in reality, they connote entirely different things. It thus becomes important to know and understand the difference between them for the simple reason that knowing the difference will dictate and ensure that they are used in the right context.


Read more about difference between TM and ® symbols​


 2 Replies

Lakshmi Krishnan   25 October 2016

Madam, whether someone can demand use of TM and ®  if there is no record found in patent or tm ofice ? Thanks for clarifying.


CS Nimisha Gupta   06 September 2017

TM sign indicates that you have applied for your trademark whereas, ® sign means that your Trademark is Registered

There are few stages in Trademark Registration.

Stage: 1 - Trademark Application, after this stage the applicant can use ™ above the Brand Name.

For example –

This stage will get complete in 2 days.

Stage: 2 - After the completion of stage 1, Government checks the similarity of the application from the registered Trademark Data. The government can raise Objection if they found any similarity between the application and trademark data.

 ‘Similarity’ - The application should not be similar to a registered trademark by any mode, which can be under writing or phonetic.

Stage: 3 - After government passes the Objection, Stage 3 is the verification of application by those who have already registered some Trademarks.

In this stage, the government publishes a Trademark Journal in which all the fresh applications are published and pending for clarification from the General Public.

If no one raises any Clarification then ™ will be converted into ® which means your application for Trademark Registration is complete and your Brand is Registered.

The whole process almost takes a year.


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