Adoption is a process of establishing a parent-child relationship between persons who are not related by birth. It allows parentless and orphan children to have parents, home, name and a good life and on the other hand, it enables childless parents to have a child of their own.
Adoption-by-legal-course ensures irrevocable rights to both adoptive parents as well as adopted child. In India, there are 3 main existing legislations i.e.
- The Hindu Adoption and Maintenance Act of 1956 which is applicable on Hindus, Buddhists, Jains and Sikhs.
- The Guardian and Wards Act of 1890 assist other religions i.e. Muslim, Parsi, Christian and Jews in adoption as there are no concrete provisions under their personal laws.
- The Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection) Act of 2000, amended in 2010 covers the rehabilitation and social reintegration for orphan children.