1. In Garikapati Veeraya v. N. Subbiah Choudhry, the SC observed "The golden rule of construction is that, in the absence of anything in the enactment to show that it is to have retrospective operation, it cannot be so construed as to have the effect of altering the law applicable to a claim in litigation at the time when the Act was passed."
2. In Smt. Dayawati v. Inderjit, the SC observed "Now as a general proposition, it may be admitted that ordi- narily a court of appeal cannot take into account a new law, brought into existence after the judgment appealed from has been tendered, because the rights of the litigants in an appeal are determined under the law in force at the date of the suit. Even before the days of Coke, whose maxim-a new law ought to be prospective, not retrospective in its operation".