As per section 300 CRPC and 20(2) of constitution a person may not be tried or punished. I filed a case no. 365/12 for divorce under section 13 of HMA on the basis of cruelty and desertion. Whole case tried and cruelty and desertion established by family court and on the basis of that I was granted divorce. The cases of 498a and DV is also the cases of cruelty and domestic violence/Cruelty. Whenever the cruelty already examined in case no. 365/2012 how the cruelty once again trialed in 498a and DV case. Is it not violation of section 300 CRPc and article 20(2) of constitution. No dobout the section 13 is civil trial case and 498a and DV case is criminal trial case but the civil trial having bindings on criminal trial.
In my view the court trying the DV case is bound by the earlier judgement on the question of cruelty but not necessarily the criminal court trying 498 A as an offence however the question is interestingly of very much importance, worthy experts are expected to place their views on the point .
Contested divorce me generally desertion and cruelty main issue hote hai. Domestic violence va 498a me bhi cuelty main issue hote hai. Jab kisi bhi ek case me puri trial hokar decision ho jata hai to same facts and issue par dubara trial nahi honi chahiye aur wo bhi kisi below rank ke court dwara.
the point to be considered in the light of the legal mandate that a civil courts judgement does not necessarily bar a trial of an offence on the same facts since the area of jurisdiction in civil and criminal courts are different and may not be applied to bar the jurisdiction of other
Is The decision of civil court is not overriding on criminal court. Is it not policy that "Kisi bhi ek nirparadh ko saja na mile". Benefit of dobout is every time in favour of acuse. We have to prove charges beyond dobout to punish anyone.
We need to think once again. Once the divorce granted on the basis of cruelty and desertion the cases in 498a and DV act may not trialed.
What is your problem?, if the divorce case is filed and disposed, it is based n the pleadings made in it. The 498a or the DV case has been filed based on the complaints/averment/allegation made in them separately. These are different provisions of law seeking different relief in different cases. What did you understand law in all these cases? Dont get confused by reading too much of law books but not understanding them by not interpreting them properly.
Mr T. Kalaiselvan, Advocate sir My point is not as per present law of land. The question here is to decide the judiciary. When the divocrce case is on the basis of cruelty and desrtion both the parties are free to prove cruelty each other.
1. Whenever the party whoever could not prove cruelty in divorce case how she may prove cruelty in domestic violence or 498a case.
2. The family court having status of district court have trialed the divorce and decision communicated on the findings. How a lower court may trialed the issue of cruelty once again.
The question is not that the one is superior or inferior court, in the matter of dv case both courts have concurrent jurisdiction , The family court is never the appellate court , the court trying to resolve civil dispute is not the court trying a criminal offense ,generally the decision of civil dispute is to prevail how ever it is not necessarily so.