PART XI: Relation between union and States

sir can you explain with example of part XI relation between union and state


Articles 245 to 255 in Part XI deals with different aspects of legislative relations between centre and states. These include:

(1) Territorial jurisdiction of laws made by the Parliament and by the Legislatures of States.

(2) Distribution of legislative subjects

(3) Power of parliament to legislate with respect to a matter in the State List

(4) Centre's control state legislation

However, Seventh Schedule of the Constitution provides for the distribution of legislative powers between the centre and the states. The legislative subjects are divided into List I (the Union List), List II (the Concurrent List) and List III (the State List)

Administrative Relations

Article 256 to 263 deals with the administrative relations between the centre and the states.  Article 256 states that "the executive power of every State shall be so exercised as to ensure compliance with the laws made by the parliament and any existing laws which apply in that State, and the executive power of the Union shall extend to the giving of such directions to a State as may appear to the Government of India to be necessary for that purpose".

The Constitution deals with the centre-state financial relations in Article 268-293 of Part XII.



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