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shyam lal   28 January 2022

Legal notice

A medically /mentally & physically fit man commits a crime .and for unknown reasons after some time suddenly he becomes insane.

Query can he be legally be charged /punished in the present mental condition? for the criminal act committed while earlier been medially fit.

 6 Replies

Rama chary Rachakonda (Secunderabad/Highcourt practice watsapp no.9989324294 )     28 January 2022

The incapacity of person to commit a crime exempts him from getting punished by the court. Under Indian constitution, Section 84 of the Indian Penal Code, 1860 deals with act of a person of unsound mind along with discussing Insanity as a defence.

shyam lal   28 January 2022

Attention Mr.Rama chart .the crime committed was he was medically fit.just because now he has become he still excempt from punishment.


Megha   29 January 2022


As per Section 84 of the Indian Penal Code, 1806 any act done by any person who is of unsound mind sahll not be construed as an offence and thus, the person committing the crime shall not be punished.  

Section 84 provides for legal insanity and not not medical sanity and a distinction has to be made between the two.  This came up for discussion before the Supreme Court in the case of Hari Singh and State of MP and the court opined that it is concerned with legal insanity and not mental insanity.  The court also put the burden of proof on the accused to prove the his insanity by virtue of section 105 of the Indian Evidence Act.

A person can claim defense of section 84 when he not capable of distinguishing the right from the wrong and is also incapable of knowing the act being committed is contrary to the law.  Only once this is established, can he claim relief provided under section 84.  In all other cases, he shall be tried for the offence and if found guilty, be punished.  

Best regards,

shyam lal   29 January 2022

Thanks Megha for explaining Section 84 ipc. Read carefully it mentions that crime created while the person was medically of now he has become insane .Query can the accused now. be prosecuted?


Megha   29 January 2022


As clearly pointed out in the query, if a person is stable at the time of commission of the crime, he shall be convicted irrespective of his subsequent state. 

Please let me know if you need further clarification.  

Best regards,

shyam lal   29 January 2022

Bulls eye answer




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