Assault and battery are two violent crimes that involve threatening harm or causing actual harm to another person. The term "assault" in its wider sense is said to include both assault and battery. However in fact both are separate offences. An 'assault' according to English law is distinct from 'battery assault'.
It is a threat by one to inflict unlawful force against another. An assault is an act which intentionally - or possibly recklessly - causes another person to apprehend immediate and unlawful violence. But a mere threat not in the slightest degree executed, or acts or gestures done under such circumstances or at such a distance that the threat cannot possibly be carried into effect does not amount to an assualt.
The battery means actual application of unlawful force, however slight, to another whether directly or indirectly. A battery includes every touching and laying hold (however trifling) on another's person or clothes in an angry, revengeful, rude or hostile manner. Even an act such as striking a horse on which man is riding so that he is thrown away is battery.
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