Hate speech can be referred to words that intent to spread hatred against a group which can be based on race, ethnicity, gender, s*xual orientation, religious beliefs and can lead to violence at times. The word hate speech has not to be defined under any law but various laws had been made to penalize the act of hate speech.
Section 153A of the Indian Penal Code, 1860 penalizes the promotion of enmity between different groups on the grounds of religion, race, place of birth, residence, language, by using words spoken or written.
Section 295A IPC penalizes deliberate and malicious acts done with the intention to outrage religious feelings of any class by insulting its religion or religious beliefs.
Section 123(3A) and 125 of the Representation of The People Act, 1951, prohibits the advancement of enmity on the grounds of religion, race, caste, community, or language in connection with the election.
Section 7 of the Protection of Civil Rights Act, 1955, prohibits incitement and encouragement of untouchability through words, spoken or written or signs or visible representation.
Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973 also laud down provisions for the state government and the magistrate to prevent people from spreading such words that are punishable under IPC.