The situation you're facing is complex and often subject to specific local regulations and case precedents. In Tamil Nadu, as per the Tamil Nadu Land Reforms (Fixation of Ceiling on Land) Act, 1961, if a private company has been granted permission under Section 37-A to hold excess land, it can affect access to your 5 acres of agricultural land surrounded by the company's land.
One possible legal recourse to secure a pathway to your land could involve invoking the right of way or easement. Easements are legal rights to use another person's land for a specific purpose, such as accessing your property. You may explore whether there are any established rights of way in the area, historical pathways, or customary access routes that can be legally claimed.
It's important to consult a local lawyer or legal expert specializing in land and property rights in Tamil Nadu. They can help assess the specific circumstances of your case, review the land records, and advise you on the legal options available. Additionally, they can guide you on potential negotiations or legal actions to secure a pathway, considering the provisions of the Tamil Nadu Land Reforms Act and relevant case laws that might apply to your situation.
To strengthen your case, gathering evidence of long-standing use or need for access to your land, along with any historical documentation or precedents, could be crucial. Understanding the nuances of local laws and leveraging legal strategies tailored to your situation will be key in pursuing the establishment of a pathway to your agricultural land.