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Sayed Maqsood Ahmed   24 June 2024

forgery of documents by pasting others signatures

learned advocates,

what's the punishment if some society forges documents and affixes the signatures of others on it

or forges the signatures.

would you throw legal light on this issue and advise what suitable legal action against the culprit.

Best regards


 6 Replies

T. Kalaiselvan, Advocate (Advocate)     24 June 2024

If you are an affected person and have suffered injury personally due to such fraudulent act you may lodge a complaint directly to the police against the person who has done this act.

Otherwise you can give a complaint as one of the members to the registrar against the society and request for action as per law.

In both the events you may have to produce documentary evidences to prove your allegations.

Sayed Maqsood Ahmed   24 June 2024

Dear Sir

Thanks a lot 

Kind regards and wishes

T. Kalaiselvan, Advocate (Advocate)     24 June 2024

You are welcome for your appreciations 

Dr. J C Vashista (Advocate )     25 June 2024

Show relevant documents to a local prudent lawyer for appreciation of facts and proper advise.

Parth Chawla (Lawyer)     29 June 2024


I have read your query and would like to tell you more about forgery. Section 463 of Indian Penal Code, 1860 provides that whoever makes any false document or false electronic record or part of a document or electronic record, with intent to cause damage or injury, to the public or to any person, or to support any claim or title, or to cause any person to part with property, or enter into any express or implied contract, or with intent to commit fraud, commits forgery.

Section 464 of Indian Penal Code, 1860 provides how forgery of documents occurs. Only the person who makes false document can be held liable under the provision. It provides that when there is no doubtfulness, there is no scope for understanding. As referred in the case Sheila Sebastian vs. R.Jawaharaj – A person who fraudulently;

·       Makes, signs or administers a document

·       Makes or records any electronic record

·       Affixes any electronic stamp

·       Make any image indicating execution of a document

With the intention to make it seem like the document, electronic record, electronic signature was made or signed by such a person, by whom it was not made or signed.

Section 465 of Indian Penal Code, 1860 provides punishment for forgery. Whoever commits forgery shall be punished with either imprisonment, which may be extended to two years or with fine or both. Forgery is a non- cognizable offence which means, the offence is less serious in nature and police has no authority to arrest without a warrant in these cases and are bailable in nature.

Exception- If a forgery is of promissory note of Central Government then it is cognizable in nature.

You can file a case in either criminal or civil court. Criminal courts deal with offenses against the state and public depending on the jurisdiction and nature of forgery. If found guilty then the perpetrator can be punished with fines or imprisonment. Whereas, lawsuit in civil courts will seek to provide damages or other remedies for the injury caused by forgery, and do not result in imprisonment.

You can refer to Ram Narain Poply vs Central Bureau of Investigation

In this case the court stated that the term “forgery” is used in it’s common and popular acceptance. The first essential in order to constitute forgery is that the accused should have made a false document that to with an intention to harm or cause injury to a class of society, public or to an individual.

Hope this helps you with your query.


Parth Chawla

Sayed Maqsood Ahmed   29 June 2024

Many thank for your valuable legal provision. 

I highly appreciate your keen interest taken in answering to my question 

Best regards 


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