Criminal Trident Pack: IPC, CrPC and IEA by Sr. Adv. G.S Shukla and Adv. Raghav Arora
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manoj (designer)     24 February 2013

Does a unborn child have rights?

if a woman aborted the child of a man with out his knowledge what rights does the child have to live in the society and the man heir is the child to proceed the case in the court if a man or woman not married but the girl abort the child how to prove she was pregnant and what test can be made?


need some previous cases list 


 6 Replies

Shantanu Wavhal (Worker)     24 February 2013

aborted child is a non existing entity.

non existing entities do not have any rights !!

hema (law officer)     24 February 2013

Totally wrong advice by Amit.

People should refrain to give wrong and fault advice, that too with such an authority on legal issues.

unborn child has got rights as per indian law. Refer to Section 312 to 316 of IPC.  Also refer to provisions of Medical Termination of Pregnancy Act.  There is  a conflict of interest in the reproductive rights of woman and right to life of a child in the womb.  The courts balance the conflicting interests in the light of the facts brought before them.

the locus standi to file the cases to represent the rights of unborn children and aborted children is not to limited to blood relations of such unfortunates, but even public spirited citizens by filing PIL can attempt to represent their rights and in fact, the PILs are going on in Supreme Court on these issues.

Shantanu Wavhal (Worker)     24 February 2013

a woman aborted the child


the baby is aborted.

what possible right a dead baby can have !!

Shantanu Wavhal (Worker)     24 February 2013

moreover, that so called man is not the husband of this lady.

there is no marriage.

still, a child is never illegitimate.

how the man who is not husband of that lady can take any action ?

the woman aborted her child - thats all.

Ranee....... (NA)     24 February 2013

Hello Hemaji, how are you..nice to see you after long time. :)

stanley (Freedom)     25 February 2013


The below two sections are relevent 


Central Government Act

Section 315 in The Indian Penal Code, 1860

315. Act done with intent to prevent child being born alive or to cause it to die after birth.-- Whoever before the birth of any child does any act with the intention of thereby preventing that child from being born alive or causing it to die after its birth, and does by such

1. Subs. by Act 8 of 1882, s. 7, for" and shall also be liable to fine".

2. Subs. by Act 26 of 1955, s. 117 and Sch., for" transportation for life".

act prevent that child from being born alive, or causes it to die after its birth, shall, if such act be not caused in good faith for the purpose of saving the life of the mother, be punished with imprisonment of either descripttion for a term which may extend to ten years, or with fine, or with both.


Section 316 in The Indian Penal Code, 1860

316. Causing death of quick unborn child by act amounting to culpable homicide.-- Whoever does any act under such circumstances, that if he thereby caused death he would be guilty of culpable homicide, and does by such act cause the death of a quick unborn child, shall be punished with imprisonment of either descripttion for a term which may extend to ten years, and shall also be liable to fine. Illustration A, knowing that he is likely to cause the death of a pregnant woman, does an act which, if it caused the death of the woman, would amount to culpable homicide. The woman is injured, but does not die; but the death of an unborn quick child with which she is pregnant is thereby caused. A is guilty of the offence defined in this section.


But than i would disagree with HEMA's view since as per the Medical pregenancy and termination act the girl would  say as the two are not married the boy had raped me hence i am at liberty to terminate the pregenancy. I dont understand what rights and PIL is Hema talking about .


And i really dont understand all this talk about PIL going on in supreme courts . We are a backward country when it comes to child rights . We have the National  convention of child rights 1989 and we have the child access and coustody guidelines that to approved by the high court yet  cases are dragged on for years and years . shared parenting in india  has not ven come of date . Taking into consideration the DV act section 21 of the act act custody can only be claimed by the women which  is a direct contradiction when it comes to assesing the welfare of the child . 


3. When pregnancies may be terminated by registered medical practitioners - 
(1) Notwithstanding anything contained in the Indian Penal Code (45 of 
1860), a registered medical practitioner shall not be guilty of any offence 
under that Code or under any other law for the time being in force, if any 
pregnancy is terminated by him in accordance with the provisions of this 
Act. (2) Subject to the provisions of sub-section (4), a pregnancy may be 
terminated by a registered medical practitioner, - 
(a) Where the length of the pregnancy does not exceed twelve weeks 
if such medical practitioner is, or 
(b) Where the length of the pregnancy exceeds twelve weeks but does 
not exceed twenty weeks, if not less than two registered medical 
practitioner are, 
of opinion, formed in good faith, that - 
(i) The continuance of the pregnancy would involve a risk to the life of the 
pregnant woman or of grave injury to her physical or mental health; or 
(ii) There is a substantial risk that if the child were born, it would suffer from 
such physical or mental abnormalities to be seriously handicapped. 
Explanation 1 - Where any pregnancy is alleged by the pregnant woman to have 
been caused by rape, the anguish caused by such pregnancy shall be presumed to 
constitute a grave injury to the mental health of the pregnant woman. 
Explanation 2 - Where any pregnancy occurs as a result of failure of any device 
or method used by any married woman or her husband for the purpose of limiting 
the number of children, the anguish caused by such unwanted pregnancy may be 
resumed to constitute a grave injury to the mental health of the pregnant woman. 



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