relevant judgments for divorce on desertion grounds

In search of job

Dear Experts,


I (husband) filed divorce u/s 13(1)(ia) (ib) on cruelty and desertion grounds. I need relevant judgments, which I can use to support my case. Below I am giving the circumstances of my case.


(1) I filed divorce due to non-cooperation for consummation of the marriage and wife is not interested to lead marital life with husband. The duration b/w final separation and divorce case is 1 1/2 years. But by then marriage happened b4 3 years ago till separation happened.


(2) Wife claimed in her counter, husband is impotent and due to his impotency consummation not happened.


(3) medical board found husband potent.


In the above circumstances, I need good judgments to prove desertion happened though the 2 years period is not completed b4 filing the divorce notice after final separation. But I read somewhere that physical separation alone strictly is not required, even if wilful neglect of wife is sufficient (in the above situation any way wife herself saying non-consummation due to husband impotency, but medical board not found impotency) to prove desertion. So, I request the experts, please share with me, if you have any good judgments supporting the above circumstances.



Advocate/Legal Consultant (


You are correct - actual physical desertion of 2 years is not required. If a spouse withdraws from marital obligations staying in the very room with the husband - that is also desertion, it's called constructive desertion in the eyes of law. To make out a case for desertion - two things are required - 

1) Factum of Seperation - which has been interpreted to mean withdrawal from obligations.

2) Animus Deserendi - Intention to put cohabitation to end. (To be gathered from circumstances) 

Savitri Pandey vs. Ramesh Chand Pandey (2002) SC - is one amongst many on this. 


Advocate/Legal Consultant (

Corrigendum : 

not constructive desertion but "virtual desertion" is the concept called

In search of job

Thank you sir, I will go through the citation provided by you.


alleging impotency is also cruety, there is citation on this ground also.

Legal Evangelist - TRIPAKSHA

E very case is unique.


Do your own research on to find relevant citations.


Shonee Kapoor

Total likes : 1 times


More cases on "virtual Desertion"

·        Ekta  v/s  Vishal Singla [ RCR Civil 2008 P&H]:-

Divorce application by the mutual consent..... sec 13-B.... term “parties living separately for period of one year”..... explained.... parties living under one roof for a period of 3 months but not living as husband and wife.... that period would also be counted in calculating the period of one year separate living.



·        Smt. Sureshta Devi  v/s  Om Prakash [ AIR 1992 SC]:-

In this case the Apex court clearly said that “living separately” connotes to the Mental Condition of not living as Husband & Wife..... It has no reference to the place of living..... parties may live under one roof due to the force of the circumstances while living separately.

Legal Evangelist - TRIPAKSHA

You have been helped by Mr. Rana.





Shonee Kapoor

In search of job

Thank you sir


Posted by: nitish788  Categories: Uncategorized 


Divorce by Desertion

Desertion is also ground for divorce in India, but the most difficult part is how to prove desertion in court of law. A layman may think desertion as his/her spouse is living separately for the period of 2 years that’s it.

But actually what courts in India require are the 4 things which areto be established by the spouse who is seeking divorce on this ground.

1.. Animus deserendi-This means the intention to desert, if husband or wife decides to leave the martial co habitation as they does not want to continue with martial obligations or may be called husband/wife under the eyes of the society this means they have developed animus deserendi, once this intention is formed this fulfills one criteria for proving desertion.

Now this intention can be from both sides or may be a constructive animus deserendi, In constructive animus deserendi when one of the spouse asks the other spouse to leave the house or leave him/her that is constructive animus deserendi other the other form is that the a spouse can leave the other spouse with his/her own will that is willful desertion. in both the situation the affected spouse i.e the spouse which was made to leave in the case of constructive animus deserendi or the spouse which was left alone can pursue the proceeding for divorce if other requirements are satisfied.

2. Separation- Now the  Animus deserendi is followed by actual separation, now this separation can be physical or mental one, normally itrs the physical one here the actual action takes place merely forming an intention or telling a spouse that I will leave you is not suffice if it is not followed by some action. Merely an action without the intention is also not suffice both intention to leave and followed by action is mandatory in proving desertion.Sometime there is first physical separation and then followed by intention and sometimes its vice versa, both should takes place for a continuous period of 2 years.

3. No reasonable just cause to leave- There should not be any reasonable cause available to the spouse who is leaving the matrimonial ties, generally cruelty is alleged by defending spouse to defeat the proceedings of desertion in such cases the burden is on the defending spouse to prove cruelty by examining witnesses and medical examinations etc. But if defending spouse fails to prove any of the just causes then this ingredient stand proved.

4. without the consent- if the deserting spouse does not consents such desertion this final ingredient also stands proved, but how to prove this ingredient? now let us suppose a spouse leaves then there must be continuous efforts from the other side to b ring back the spouse, it should not be the case where the other spouse sits mutely while the other spouse has deserted. efforts should be made to render reconciliation. here contact with parents, mother father or other relatives are essential. reconciliation at its own level at first and then involvement of relative is essential, this would satisfy the court that deserted spouse never consented for such a desertion.

Proving all the aforementioned ingredients are essential to prove desertion i n court, if any one element is missing divorce cannot be granted. Gene really cases fall short in 3rd and 4th ingredient. merely living separately even willfully does not guarantee divorce to deserting partner.

Nitish Banka

( Advocate Supreme court)




Your are not logged in . Please login to post replies

Click here to Login / Register  


  Search Forum


  LAWyersclubindia Menu

Indian Evidence Act     |    x