Abhishek Das 14 October 2019
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LIYANA SHAJI 14 July 2020
Section 299 of the IPC defines culpable homicide and the essentials of the same are:
Example: A lays sticks and turf over a pit, with the intention of causing death or with the knowledge that death is likely to be causes. Z believing the ground to be firm treads on it, falls in it and dies. Here A has committed culpable homicide.
Murder: Murder is an aggravated form of culpable homicide. Murder inccludes culpable homicide but culpable homicide does not include murder in all cases. In order for a culpable homicide to maount to murder it should fall under the four clauses mentioned under Section 300.
A shoots Z with the intention of killing him. Z dies in the consequence. A commits murder
1. Grave and sudden provocation
2. Self defence
3. Act of public servant
4. Without premeditation
There is only a thin line of difference between the both. Culpable homicide is a wider term than murder.
Hope this clears your doubt.