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Key takeaways

  • The Central Vigilance Committee's was created primarily to ensure that all forms of corruption in the public sector may be effectively avoided and dealt with in detail.
  • It has the status of an autonomous body, free of control from any executive authority, charged with monitoring all vigilance activity under the Central Government of India.
  • The Commission also exercises superintendence over the vigilance administration of the various organizations under the Central Government.

The Central Vigilance Commission (CVC) was established by the Indian government in 1964. On the advice of the K. Santhanam Committee on Prevention of Corruption, the commission was established. An executive resolution served as the vehicle for its initial introduction. In terms of surveillance, the Central Vigilance Committee's role is to advise and direct the Central Government.

The Delhi Special Police Establishment (DSPE), presently known as the Central Bureau of Investigation, is subject to the Commission's supervision under the Central Vigilance Commission Act of 2003. The Commission is also given the authority to assess how well the CBI's investigations are going and how well applications for sanctions against prosecution for alleged violations of the Prevention of Corruption Act,1988 are progressing with the appropriate authorities.

Purpose

This significant organisation was created primarily to ensure that all forms of corruption in the public sector may be effectively avoided and dealt with in detail. It is a stand-alone organisation tasked with keeping an eye on all vigilance operations carried out by the union government. Its main responsibility is to advise government organisations on how to "plan, execute, review, and reform" their vigilance capability. In order to improve the system and administration, the Central Government of India established the CVC in 1964 as a significant organisation that could consider the actions and processes to avoid all forms of corruption, particularly governmental ones.

The CVC has been granted a range of powers, including the right to operate freely as a significant sovereign entity that is not subject to any form of government oversight. After the Committee on Prevention of Corruption's reports were turned in, the idea for the creation of this Commission was put out by its chairman, Mr. K. Santhanam. The country of India's first Chief Vigilance Commissioner is Mr. Nittoor Srinivasa Rau. The Central Vigilance Commission is not a law enforcement body. It collaborates with the Departmental Chief Vigilance Officers or the CBI to carry out its operations. The only investigation the Central Vigilance Commission makes involves the government's civil works, and it is handled by the Chief Technical Officer.

The government must give the Central Vigilance Commission permission before it can begin looking into allegations of corruption against public servants. Additionally, the Central Vigilance Commission publishes a list of dishonest government employees and suggests taking legal action against them.

Functions and powers of Central Vigilance Commission

Its key responsibilities include technical audits of governmental organisations' construction projects from a vigilance perspective, an investigation of specific complaints affecting construction projects, and support for the CBI's inquiries into technical concerns.

Functions and powers with respect to CBI:

  • To supervise the work of the Delhi Special Police Establishment (DSPE), or CBI, in carrying out investigations under the Prevention of Corruption Act, 1988, or crimes under the Criminal Procedure Code for certain categories of public employees, and to give the DSPE instructions for carrying out this duty.
  • Giving instructions and monitoring the status of the DSPE's investigations into alleged violations of the Prevention of Corruption Act.
  • In the wake of the Vineet Narain case, the Supreme Court of India decided that the CBI director should be chosen based on the recommendations of a committee that included the Central Vigilance Commissioner, the Home Secretary, and the Secretary in charge of the Department of Personnel. Before sending its recommendations to the Appointments Committee of the Cabinet, the Committee should also get the current Director CBI's opinion.
  • After consulting with the Director (CBI), the Committee responsible for the appointment of the Director of CBI is also authorised to suggest the appointment of officers to postings at the level of SP and above in DSPE.
  • After consulting with the Director of Enforcement, the committee responsible for the selection of the director may also recommend the appointment of officers to positions in the directorate of enforcement at the level of deputy director and above.

Functions and powers with respect to Vigilance

  • to conduct an investigation into any transaction in which a public servant working for any organisation that is subject to the executive supervision of the Government of India is suspected or alleged to have acted dishonestly or corruptly, or to cause an investigation to be launched into such a transaction.
  • To provide independent and unbiased advice to the disciplinary and other authorities in disciplinary matters including a vigilance approach at various phases, such as an investigation, an inquiry, an appeal, a review, etc.
  • exercising a broad check and supervision over the vigilance and anti-corruption operations in Ministries or Departments of the Government of India and other organisations to whom the Executive Power of the Union Extends;
  • to conduct an investigation into complaints made under the Public Interest Disclosure and Protection of Informer Act and recommend the best course of action.
  • Respond to the Central Government's request for information regarding the requirement that the Commission be consulted before any rules or regulations governing the vigilance or disciplinary actions relating to those individuals appointed to public services and posts associated with Union affairs or to members of the All India Services are made.
  • When creating rules and regulations governing the vigilance and disciplinary issues relating to the members of the Central Services and All India Services, the Central Government is required to consult with the CVC.

Other functions of Central Vigilance Commission

  • To supervise how the Delhi Special Police Establishment (DSPE) conducts investigations under the Prevention of Corruption Act, 1988, or crimes under the Criminal Procedure Code (CRPC) for specific categories of public employees, and to give the DSPE instructions in order to fulfil this responsibility.
  • To assess the status of the DSPE's investigations into alleged PC Act offences.
  • To conduct an investigation, or order that an investigation be conducted, into any transaction in which a public servant working for any organisation that is subject to the executive control of the Government of India is suspected or claimed to have acted corruptly or improperly.
  • To provide disciplinary and other authorities with independent and unbiased assistance in disciplinary cases containing a vigilance angle at various steps, such as an investigation, an inquiry, an appeal, a review, etc.
  • to oversee and exercise broad control over the vigilance and anti-corruption activities being done in Ministries or Departments of the Government of India and other organisations to whom the Union's executive jurisdiction extends.
  • To preside over the committee that chooses the directors of the CBI, the enforcement directorate, and officers in the DSPE at the level of SP and above.
  • To conduct an investigation into complaints made under the Public Interest Disclosure and Protection of Informer Act and recommend the best course of action.

Conclusion

Central Vigilance Commission is an apex Indian governmental body to address governmental corruption. It has the status of an autonomous body, free of control from any executive authority, charged with monitoring all vigilance activity under the Central Government of India. The Commission also exercises superintendence over the vigilance administration of the various organizations under the Central Government.


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