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Vishwanath (business)     14 October 2010

time limit to file chargesheet u/s.420

Hello everybody,

A cheating case u/s.420 of the IPC was filed to the PSI in the month of February after the amount in question was repaid on moral grounds. Does cheating case so filed after the repayment hold good in law? What is the remedy to counter such a case filed?Till date there is no chargesheet filed. Bail has been obtained. What is the time limit for the investigation officer to file the chargesheet before the trial court and can he apply for extension of the same?If yes, by how many days?If the prime accused has not yet obtained bail, should the second and the third accused attend the court regularly because the prime accused has not turned up?or that they can apply for exemption till filing of the chargesheet? Kindly advice


 10 Replies

adv. rajeev ( rajoo ) (practicing advocate)     14 October 2010

within 30 days he has to file a charge sheet, if not he can seek time to file charge sheet.  It is not heneious case and does not require detail investigation.  If charge sheet is filed lately it is good ground for you.

1 Like

SACHIN AGARWAL (ADVOCATE)     15 October 2010

The time limit prescribed for filing the Charge Sheet is applicable in case the accused is in jail and in case the accused has been released on bail or has not been arrested, there is no time limit at all

1 Like

DEEPAK ASSOCIATES (08010117611)     16 October 2010

U/s 167 (2) CrPC  of CrPC the time limit is prescribed for filing the charge sheet

(i) Ninety-days, where the investigation relates to an offense punishable with death, imprisonment for life or imprisonment or imprisonment for a term of not less than ten years.

(ii) Sixty days, where the investigation relates to any other offense

Therefore in your case the time limit is SIXTY DAYS if there is only section 420 ( Being the imprisonment in this section is 7 years and fine).





1 Like

bhupender sharma (head)     24 October 2010

refer to the section 468 and 472 in case of continuing offence there is no time limitation as the continuing offence give fresh cause of action for taking the congnizance.

Vishwanath (business)     02 February 2011

thank you all for your valuable advise. Dear Deepak Kapoor sir, the complainant has lodged the complaint u/s.109,177,192,196,417,420,463 and 464 of IPC. But, in the FIR only 420 IPC is mentioned. Kindly advise on time limit for chargesheet when the accused are on bail/not in custody.



Vishwanath (business)     02 February 2011

Dear Sachin Sir,

one of the conditions laid down in the AB is  that the accused shall get a formal arrest before the IO within 15 days of this order. Is this formal arrest accountable for time limit to file charge sheet. Kindly advise.



Vishwanath (business)     03 February 2011

Dear Rajeev Sir,

Fir u/s.420 was filed in the month of march 2010 and later on the accused obtained AB and as the conditions laid down therein1) he got formal arrest before the IO within 15 days and 2) obtained regular bail within four weeks of the order of AB. Till today no charge sheet has been filed . Is there no time limit for chargesheet if the accused is released on bail?and that the time limit of 60/90 days for charge sheet is applicable only if the accused is in custody.Can elevan months delay in filing charge sheet after FIR be a good ground for either Discharge petition or writ before the High Court. Will the FIR be quashed for such a delay. Kindly advise.



DEEPAK ASSOCIATES (08010117611)     03 February 2011

Basically the time limit prescribed in the CrPC only to secure the freedom of the a person so that, if any case is made out, the charge sheet be filed against that person so that the court take cognizance or otherwise set free the person.

However, the limit to file the charge sheet remain same described in section 167 (2), the police can apply for extension and it is discrition of the Magistrate to allow the period as he deemed fit.


Further, chapter XXVI deal with the limitation for taking the cognizance. Section 468 of CrPC contemplated  the period to take the cognizance by the court :-

01.    Six months, if the offense is punisable with fine only

02.   one year, if the offense is punisable with imprisonment for a term not exceeding one year.

03.   Three years, if the offense is punisable with imprisonment for a term exceeding one year but not exceeding three years.  

for the purpose of this section the period of limitation, in relation to offense which may be tried together, shall be determined with reference to the offense which is punishable with the more severe punishment or, as the case may be, the most severe punishment


Therefore, in your case the limitation to take the cognizance is 7 year from the date offense as contemplated in section 469 CrpC



Vishwanath (business)     04 February 2011

Thank you Deepak Sir

Vishwanath (business)     04 February 2011

Dear Deepak Sir,

The disputed amount was repaid prior to filing if FIR. Is there any time limit for lodging a complaint? Can anybody lodge a complaint 21months after the occurence of offence/a year after the repayment has been made/ 18 months after the agrieved got knowledge of the offence. The PSI has registered FIR u/s.420 only though the complainant has lodged complaint under other sections, too. Elevan months have lapsed and the IO hasn't filed the charge sheet. Taking cognizance by the court is seven years, but what is the time limit to file charge sheet? What are the possibilities of quashing the FIR, if filed a writ before the Hon'ble high court or can a discharge petition be moved before the trial court. Kindly advise


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