Criminal Trident Pack: IPC, CrPC and IEA by Sr. Adv. G.S Shukla and Adv. Raghav Arora
LCI Learning

Share on Facebook

Share on Twitter

Share on LinkedIn

Share on Email

Share More

Anil Agrawal (Retired)     14 September 2009

Stamp duty

 I paid stamp duty on my flat as intimated to me by the Collector of Stamp Duty under the Amnesty Scheme in 1996 with penalty. If it is now found that it was deficit, can the deficit amount be recovered despite the duty having been determined by the Collector of Stamps?



Learning

 4 Replies

abhijit (legal )     15 September 2009

Yes, it can be recovered.

Once stamp duty along with  penalty (if any) is paid to the Collector, Collector certifies with endorsement in this regard. This certifies that the full duty has been paid.

Such certificate can only be challenged on refernece to High court. Civil court has no power to review the Collector's certificate.  (AIR 1926 Sind 211)

Yes, the deficit can be recovered but only after the direction of High Court. No other person has power to enforce recovery of deficit than High court.

Anil Agrawal (Retired)     20 September 2009

 Can the collector of stamps himself challenge his own order?

abhijit (legal )     26 September 2009

 

Dear Agrawalji,

I stand a bit corrected regarding reply  to your first question wherein it is asked  if in amnesty scheme stamp duty is paid with penalty and afterwards it is found that it was deficit, can the deficit amount be recovered despite the duty having been determined by the Collector of Stamps?           

I had replied it as per Indian stamp Act, 1899; for  therein lies no appeal on the order of Collector once it is certified that proper stamp duty is paid; neither there is any provision for revision of collectors this order. Sec 56(1) of Indian Stamp Act only states that this power exercised by collector is subject to the control of Chief Controlling Revenue Authority.  It does not say anything more. Rather it is silent on how this action is subject to the control of the Chief Controlling Revenue Authority.

Hence as per Indian stamp Act, 1899, such certificate endorsed by Collector can only be challenged on reference to High court. Civil court has no power to review the Collector's certificate.

However in Bombay Stamp Act, 1958  there is a provision for appeal on the above order of Collector.  Sec 53 (1)(A) provides for this. [Sec 53 (1)(A) is inserted by way of an amendment in 1997].This section provides that any person aggrieved by Collector’s such order , may within sixty days from the receipt of such order , by an application in writing accompanied by a fee of Rs three hundred file an appeal against such order to the Chief Controlling Revenue Authority. Chief Controlling revenue authority then gives parties a reasonable opportunity of being heard and passes his order. This order is final. It can only be challenged through a writ in High Court.

Moreover, sec 53 (A) of Bombay Stamp Act provides for revision of Collectors abovesaid order. [Sec 53(A) is also inserted by way of an amendment in Bombay stamp Act in 1985]. As per sec 53 (A), The Chief Controlling Revenue Authority has power to call for the records and give parties a reasonable opportunity of being heard  and then can modify the order passed by collector. This revisional power can be exercised within a period of six years from the date of certificate of the collector.

However, as per sec  53 (1) of Bombay stamp Act,  if the collector’s order is regarding determining the true market value of the immovable property as described in sec 32-A (1), is non-appealable order to the Chief Controlling Authority.

 

Regarding whether collector of stamps can himself challenge his own order-

Neither the central  act nor the state act (Bombay Stamp Act) confers  such power to the  collector.  Appeal is always against somebody else’s order, so definitely collector can not do this himself. I think what you mean to say is whether he can review his own order.  The Act says , no..  As per sec 53 (A) of Bombay Stamp Act, revisional power lies only with the Chief controlling Revenue Authority, and in certain circumstances like admissibility of instrument in evidence in courts for want of sufficient stamp duty , as per sec 58 of Bombay Stamp Act, to only such courts .  

In case of doubt regarding amount of duty, collector can only refer it to the Chief Controlling Revenue Authority, as per sec  53(2) of the Bombay Stamp Act.

Note:-  above applies for state of Maharashtra, I can not say for other states.

Anil Agrawal (Retired)     26 September 2009

 Mr. Abhijit

It is wonderful exposition of law and I thank you for your labour.

Let me give a little detail. I received a letter from the Collector of Stamps asking me to pay stamp duty of Rs.18000 u/s 32A with a penalty of 250. This was under the Amnesty Scheme.

When I got my documents back, the collector had made the endorsement that the stamp duty was collected under the Amnesty Scheme, a penalty of Rs.250 was collected but, hold your breadth, the stamp duty collected was Rs.2900, thanks to the broker. This was in 1996.

Shall I challenge this order. The answer is emphatic NO. Collector himself cannot challenge his own order. 13 years have passed since then. What can the Chief Controller of Stamps or anybody else do?


Leave a reply

Your are not logged in . Please login to post replies

Click here to Login / Register  


Start a New Discussion Unreplied Threads



Popular Discussion


view more »




Post a Suggestion for LCI Team
Post a Legal Query