You have posted that:
“But I was never given an appointment letter or any such formalities.”
The service conditions are stated in certified standing orders of the company extended to the designation of the employee, appointment letter, statue…………………….. Industrial Employment Standing Orders Act/Model Standing Orders……………
The service conditions stated in standing orders can not be negated in appointment letter.
If standing orders are not applicable to the company and/or have not been extended to your designation, and no appointment letter has also been issued to you and accepted by you the condition of notice period is not applicable to you.
What is this establishment: Commercial or Industrial?
The company would have displayed its registration certificate near entrance/on notice board.
You are in which state and HO/redg. office of the company is in which state?
Does Industrial Employment Standing Orders Act/Model Standing Orders apply to your establishment and has it been extended to your designation?
Notice period is also stated in (name of the state) Shops and Establishments Act…………..
It is felt that notice period is not stated as 3 months in this enactment of almost all states.
Employee should tender some reasonable notice (preferably by redg. post)and avoid abrupt termination.
The notice of resignation should be carefully drafted and structured and it should be highlighted that no task is pending and to whom charge/company property (if any including visiting cards, I.Card, workstation computer etc….) should be handed over.
Employee should handover charge under proper acknowledgment.
Industrial Employment Standing Orders Act/Model Standing Orders:
13. Termination of employment.--(1) For terminating employment of a permanent workmen, notice in writing shall be given either by the employer or the workmen - one month’s notice in the case of monthly-rated workmen and two weeks’ notice in the case of other workmen: one month’s or two week’s pay, as the case may be, may be paid in lieu of notice.
16. Certificate on termination of service.--Every permanent workman shall be entitled to a service certificate at the time of his dismissal, discharge or retirement from service.
NOTE. - There is a provision under this Act for issuing a service certificate at the time of dismissal, discharge or retirement and every person is entitled to take such certificate.