When You write a complaint ...state only facts...u neednt write a whole judgement yourself .. anyway for your query ...its common reasoning that u know that the cheque has bounced FROM the acknowledge slip with states the reason why the cheque was not cleared....and as you are not privy to someone's bank accounts...u have to rely on this slip date only as YOUR FIRST INTIMATION that the cheque u placed didnt get cleared
138 of the N.I. Act are reproduced hereunder:-
Section 138 - Dishonour of cheque for insufficiency, etc., of funds in the account Where any cheque drawn by a person on an account maintained by hi m with a banker for payment of any amount of money to another person from out of that account for the discharge, in whole or in part, of any debt or other liability, is returned by the bank unpaid, either because of the amount of money standing to the credit of that account is insufficient to honour the cheque or that it exceeds the amount arranged to be paid from that account by an agreement made with that bank, such person sh all be deemed to have committed an offence and sh all, without prejudice to any other provisions of this Act, be punished with imprisonment for1[a term which may be extended to two years], or with fine which may extend to twice the amount of the cheque, or with both: Provided that nothing contained in this section sh all apply unless--
(a) the cheque has been presented to the bank within a period of six months from the date on which it is dr awn or within the period of its validity, whichever is earlier;
(b) the payee or the holder in due course of the cheque, as the case may be, makes a demand for the payment of the said amount of money by giving a notice in writing, to the dr awer of the cheque,2[within thirty days] of the receipt of information by hi m from the bank regarding the return of the cheque as unpaid; and
(c) the dr awer of such cheque fails to make the payment of the said amount of money to the payee or, as the case may be, to the holder in due course of the cheque, within fifteen days of the receipt of the said notice.
Explanation.-- For the purposes of this section, "debt or other liability" me ans a legally enforceable debt or other liability.]
At this juncture, it would also be appropriate to take note of Section 18 of the Limitation Act which deals with acknowledgement and explanation of limitation which reads as under:-
Section 18 - Effect of acknowledgment in writing( limitation act) (1) Where, before the expiration of the prescribed period for a suit or application in respect of any property or right, an acknowledgment of liability in respect of such property or right has been made in writing signed by the party against whom such property or right is claimed, or by any person through whom he derives his title or liability, a fresh period of limitation shall be computed from the time when the acknowledgment was so signed.
(2) Where the writing containing the acknowledgment is undated, oral evidence may be given of the time when it was signed; but subject to the provisions of the Indian Evidence Act, 1872 (1 of 1872), oral evidence of its contents shall not be received.
Explanation.--For the purposes of this section,--
(a) an acknowledgment may be sufficient though it omits to specify the exact nature of the property or right, or avers that the time for payment, delivery, performance or enjoyment has not yet come or is accompanied by a refusal to pay, deliver, perform or permit to enjoy, or is coupled with a claim to set-off, or is addressed to a person other than a person entitled to the property or right;
(b) the word "signed" means signed either personally or by an agent duly authorised in this behalf; and
(c) an application for the execution of a decree or order shall not be deemed to be an application in respect of any property or right.