Frequent by-elections have become an integral part of political process. However, most of them are unrelated to the basic purpose of allowing the citizenry to elect their representatives, but precipitated by certain political groups for extraneous reasons for gaining extra mileage. The efforts and expenses involved in holding an election in an assembly or parliamentary constituency are stupendous.Moreover, every election campaigning quite often gives raise to social disquiet and challenging law and order situations. The interest of democracy as well as good governance would be well served ifthe Representation of Peoples Act is amended to ensure that by-elections are held only for genuine reasons such as death or incapacity of the incumbent delegate.
Thank you for posting the above and enlightening us. This is an absolute and a solitary question as to why a government conducts by-elections when there is no jusification fo rthe same. The peope of India should be consulted before even thinking of any bye election forget conducting any.
People are the prime authority to decide when and why should a Bye election be conducted. Bye elections is nothing but a conduit for making most of a lost chance by the politiicans. Bye elections never assures better governance unless and until it is mandated by the people. A nation per se cannot be run according to the whims and fancies of a few collective politicians.
It is aptly mentioned by you that only the death or incapicity could ensure by elections.
It is rightly pointed out that now-a-days bye-elections take place only to suit the convenience of a few politicians and some political parties. Some politicians contest from two constituencies and resign from one if they win in both giving rise to a bye-election. Also some political manouvers like 'operation lotus' resorted to by some political parties as in Karnataka in recent times cause bye-elections. In such cases the persons, group of persons/politicians or political parties must be made to bear the cost of resultant bye-elections. The resignations concerned should be effected only on depositing the money by the resigning person or his party equivalent to the cost of such elections. The provisions of the Peoples' Representation Act to include these suggested punitive sections should be amended properly. However, as already mentioned, the death and incapacity of the candidate should be exempted from such punitive actions.