Title suit: Any person who has any legal character or any legal rights as to any property by virtue of title deeds or otherwise may file a suit for declaration of those rights and for injunction against any person denying or interested to deny his title to such character or right.
In a suit for seeking declaration with regard to a right or title in respect of property along with consequential injunction the Plaintiff will have to pray for a declaration as contemplated under section 34 of the Specific Relief Act, 1963, an interim injunction during the pendency of the suit under order 39 of the Civil Procedure Code 1908 and a mandatory injunction under section 38 of the Specific Relief Act, 1963.
Partition suit: Any or all of the co-owners can file a partition suit. The co-owners can be legal heirs also if it is a family property. Anyone having a share in the property which is intended to be partitioned can file the suit.
A suit for partition is filed in a Civil Court having jurisdiction over the area where the property is located. If there are several properties, the lawsuit can be filed in any one of the courts.
The partition suit results in a decree which ends the joint nature of the property. Court may order sale of the property and distribution of sale proceeds.