FIR and occurence report are they same ?
who will lodge occurence report.
As per your query!
An occurrence report is different than FIR:
1. In an occurrence report is mentioned under section 157 of Cr.PC and the FIR(First information report ) are mentioned under Section 154 of Cr. P.C.
2. The occurrence report pertains to both cognizable and non-cognizable offences and the FIR applies to only cognizable offences.
3. In the FIR every information relating to the commission of the cognizable offence is given to any police officer in charge of a police station is to be registered. However, any information received and there is a reason to suspect the commission of an offence and which the police officers are empowered under section 156 to investigate.
Consequently, an occurrence report is sent forthwith the copy of the FIR by the officer in charge of the police station to the judicial magistrate in which he makes an endorsement, whether he is investigating the case or not and if he is decided not to investigate then he will record the reasons as to why is not investing.
The purpose of the Occurance report is to ensure that the magistrate should come to know that the particular offence has been committed and the police officer is accountable to the magistrate if he is investigating the case.
Importantly, the magistrate will get the FIR, thus he may be able to keep a check upon the manipulation that may occur by the police officer.
Hope it clarifies the issues!