How are Tribunals different from Courts? What is the Tribunal as per the Constitution of India? Why are Tribunals so important to the Judicial System?
Rohini Kamble 05 February 2021
Courts are judicial Body, while tribunal is quasi- judicial body. Tribunals are part of administrative system. Tribunals were incorporated by 42nd amendment Act 1976.
Tribunals deals with matters like import export, state legislation, taxation etc.
Article 323A deals with Administrative tribunals in which public service matters are resolved.
Article 323B deals with disputes relating to matters of taxation, food stuff, state legislature, land reforms etc.
The procedures of the tribunals are more flexible than that of courts.
Tribunals can deliver quick justice and areless costly
Megha 05 February 2021
Courts and Tribunals are having somewhat similar functions.
By the 42nd Constitutional Amendment Act, 1976, 323-A was added which deals with Administrative Tribunals, and 323-B deals with tribunals for other matters. Tribunals are not normal court jurisdiction but having a specialized area of jurisdiction. An administrative Tribunal is a multimember body to hear on cases filed by the staff members alleging non-observation of their terms of service or any other related matters and to pass judgments on those cases.
The Government employee sector is a large workforce and at times disputes between the employee and the government arises. The Courts are always overburdened with cases of civilians, tribunals are implemented for the fast resolving of such issues at less cost. The basic objective of the administrative tribunals is to take out certain matters of disputes between the citizen and government agencies of the purview of the regular courts of law and make the dispute redressal process quick and less expensive.
Hope it is clear.