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Shashwat Krishn (Ratings Analyst)     11 September 2013

Property dispute with jharkhand governemnt

Dear Experts,

   My father had bought a land in Ranchi, Jharkhand from my uncle few years back, but the registration was not done on my father's name. Registration of the land as per government records is on the name of my uncle only.

So, one year back, when we went for the registry, the Jharkhand government told us that they have classified this land as 'gair majarua malik' . Actually, we have the reciepts when my uncle bought it from original owner. 

Please let me know what does 'gair majarua malik' means and is it possible for us to get the registration done on my father's name now. Also please let me know that how long this whole procedure going to take and various steps necessary to get the things done.

 1 Replies

Suri.Sravan Kumar (senior)     11 September 2013

hope this judgement gives you idea about the meaning ofgair majarua malik
Jharkhand High Court
Indian Kanoon -
Jharkhand High Court
Muslim ? Muslim Ansari vs State Of Jharkhand & Ors. on 11 September, 2012


W.P.(C). No. 3342 of 2006

Md. Zoolfar Ansari & others ......... Petitioners Versus

The State of Jharkhand & others ... Respondents ----------


For the Petitioner : Mr. V. Shivnath, Sr. Advocate For the Respondents : J.C. to S.C. ( L&C)


07 /11.09.2012 Heard learned counsel for the parties.

The original writ petitioner, Muslim Ansari has been substituted by his

legal heirs, i.e. the present petitioners namely Md. Zoolfar Ansari & others

during the pendency of the writ petition. The present petitioners are aggrieved

by the refusal of the respondent no.3, District Sub- Registrar, Ranchi to register

the sale deed presented on their behalf. The sale deed in question is

Annexure-3 to the writ petition.

The contention of the petitioner is that the lands appertaining to plot no.

718, Area 5 acres, plot no. 496, Area 1 acre of Khata no. 383 of Khewat no. 2 of

Thana no. 228 of Mouza Pundag was recorded as 'gair majarua malik land' of

Ex. Intermediaries, Bara Lal Kandarp Nath Sahdeo. It is the contention of the

petitioner that on the basis of 'hukumnama' dated 5.2.1948 in favour of Sk.

Sahmat and Sk. Ajmat by registered kabuliyat by the Ex-Zamindar the lands

were settled in their name coupled with delivery of possession and rent receipts

were also issued. In the return submitted by the zamindar at the time of vesting

of zamindari the said raiyats were also shown as tenants. The deceased original

petitioner, Muslim Ansari inherited the said rayati lands being descendant of the

said Sk. Sahmat and Sk. Ajmat and 'jamabandi' was opened in the name of said

raiyats recorded in Register-II and correction slip were also issued in the year

1983-84. When the Circle Officer, Ratu Anchal ( now Nagri) refused to grant

rent receipt to the original petitioner, he was compelled to move this court in

W.P.(C) No. 2496 of 2002. The matter was remanded to the Additional Collector

to consider the claim and take final decision by passing reasoned order.

Thereafter, by order dated 12.12.2005 the Additional Collector rejected the

claim of the petitioner and recommended for cancellation of his name in the 2

'jamabandi' register. The original petitioner, being aggrieved preferred

another writ petition being W.P.C No. 1119 of 2006 seeking quashing of

the said order dated 12.12.2005 passed by the Additional Collector,

Ranchi in Misc. Case No. 2 of 2005 and for seeking issuance of rent

receipt in respect of lands in question. The said writ petition was allowed

by this court vide judgment dated 9.8.2006 by directing the concerned

Circle Officer, Ratu(now Nagri) to issue rent receipt to the original

petitioner, Muslim @ Md. Muslim Ansari as his name was found running in

Register-II, since 1983-84. The relevant Para 6 and 7 of the aforesaid

judgment are as follows:-

"Para 6:- When the case was again taken

up on 20.7.2006, Mr. Manjul Prasad, learned

Standing Counsel ( Land Ceiling ) stated in the Court that no such record is available in the concerned Anchal Office. Since the Additional Collector had mentioned that the had compared the record of Case No. 4 R 8 (II) of 1983-84, he was directed to appear in person and to produce the said record from which he had compared the

petitioner's entry and on the basis of which the impugned order has been passed. The Additional Collector, Ranchi appeared, in person, today and produced some register which has no relation

with the case in hand. Learned Additional

Collector failed to produce he record of the Case No. 4 R 8 (II) of 1983-84 from which he had

allegedly compared the petitioner's entry in

Register II and found the same doubtful. The

respondents , thus, failed to produce the very basis on which the impugned order has been

passed. Being without any basis, there is no

option than to hold the impugned order as

perverse and unsustainable and the same is held accordingly. The impugned order dated 12.12.2005 ( Annexure-11) is quashed . It is held that the petitioner, whose name is running in Register II since 1983-84 is entitled to get rent receipt(s) on payment of rent. The respondent no. 3 is directed to accept rent in respect of Plot no. 71 and 496, Khata no. 383 of Village Pundag and grant proper receipt to the petitioner until the said jamabandi in his name is held illegal or is

cancelled by the procedure established by law or by a Court of competent jurisdiction".

"Para 7:- Mr. V. Shivnath , learned counsel

submitted that the petitioner is ready to pay the entire arrears of rent in respect of his said land. If the petitioner pays arrears of rent/current rent, the same shall be accepted and proper receipt shall be issued to him forthwith.

This writ application is allowed with

said direction".

The appeal preferred against the said judgment dated 9.8.2006

passed in W.P.C. No. 1119 of 2006 by the State of Jharkhand being

L.P.A. no. 474 of 2006 was also dismissed by order dated 2.11.2006. It is 3

contention of the petitioner that rent receipt, thereafter, have been issued

but when the petitioner wanted to sell the said land in favour of another

person by virtue of the sale deed , Annexure-3 to the main writ petition,

the same has been refused by the respondent no. 3.

Learned counsel for the petitioner has also relied upon the

judgment delivered by the Division Bench of this court in L.P.A. No. 08 of

2007 dated 3. 7.2007 wherein similar issue was raised on account of

refusal of the Sub Registrar, Dhanbad to register the document on the

ground that the land in question is 'gair abad land'. However, the aforesaid

contention of the respondent- State were repelled in view of the

categorical stand taken by the counsel for the State as referred in the

judgment dated 3.7.2007 , which is quoted herein below:-

"Pursuant to the aforesaid order show

cause has been filed by the District Sub-

Registrar, Dhanbad stating inter-alia that he joined on 29.5.2007 and his predecessor-in-office as a matter of fact, refused to register the

document on the ground that the land in question is Gair Abad Land.

Mr. Manjul Prasad, Learned Counsel

appearing for the State submitted that the action of the then Sub- Registrar refusing to register the document was wholly against law and he assured this court that in future this will not be repeated. Mr. Manjul Prasad further submits that necessary instruction shall be issued from the Office of the Advocate General to all the Sub- Registrars to act strictly in accordance with law and also as per the direction by this Court in series of decisions. Mr. Prasad further submits that as and when the

respondents writ petitioner appears before the Sub- Registrar and presents the documents, the same shall be registered on the same day".

Learned counsel for the petitioner further submitted that the order

passed by the Deputy Commissioner contained in Memo no. 1203/

Gopnia/12.7.2004, annexed as Annexure-A to the counter affidavit is

wholly illegal and he could not have directed the Sub Registrar to refuse

to register the document of sale deed on the sole ground that the said

piece of land is alleged to be 'gair majaruwa land'.

Learned counsel for the respondent- State, however submitted that

the impugned action has been taken pursuant to the order dated

12.7.2004 passed by the Deputy Commissioner cum District Registrar to

protect the interest of the State and the Sub- Registrar acted in 4

accordance with the order of the Deputy Commissioner, who is also the

District Registrar.

I have heard learned counsel for the parties and also gone through

the relevant documents including the impugned order. It appears that the

land in question was settled by the Ex-Zamindar in favour of the

concerned raiyats from whom the original petitioner derives his title and

thereafter, 'jamabandi' was opened in the name of said raiyats in the year

1983-84. However, on refusal to issue rent receipt of the same, the

original petitioner had moved this court , wherein this Court vide judgment

dated 9.8.2006 passed in W.P.C.1119 of 2006 ( Annexure 4 to the

supplementary affidavit) directed the concerned respondent, Circle

Officer, Ratu anchal ( now nagri) to issue rent receipt in favour of the said

petitioner. Thereafter, on attempt to sell the part of the said land by virtue

of sale deed, annexed as Annexure-3 , the impugned action has been

taken by the respondent no. 3 in refusing to register the sale deed.

The Division Bench of this court in the case of State of Jharkhand

& others Vrs. Sri Mohini Mohan Das & others in L.P.A. no. 08 of 2007 ,

as relied by the counsel for the petitioner, had an occasion to consider this

question wherein on the basis of the specific stand of the respondent-

State it was recorded that registration of sale deed cannot be refused on

the ground that the land in question is 'gair abad land'. Therefore, it

appears that the decision of the Sub- Registrar refusing to register the

sale deed based upon the direction of the Deputy Commissioner have

been made without proper application of mind and also without taking into

account the specific case of the petitioner, which has been brought on

record by way of the present writ petition.

Learned counsel for the petitioner has also relied upon the decision

of the Division Bench of the Patna High Court delivered in the case of

Bihar Deed Writers Association and others Vrs. The State of Bihar

and others reported in 1988 PLJR page 671 and submitted that under the

provision of Registration Act, the Registrar is suppose to exercise

superintendence and control over the Sub- Registrar. As has been laid 5

down in para 5 of the said judgment the Registrar in exercise of power

under Section 68 of the Registration Act cannot direct the Sub- Registrar

not to register a document presented for registration if the document

complies with the statutory requirements and formalities.

In view of the aforesaid facts and circumstance, petitioner is

allowed liberty to approach the Sub-Registrar, Ranchi for consideration of

his case for registration of sale deed in question, if petitioner fulfills all

necessary statutory requirements and formalities as contemplated under

the provisions of Registration Act.

With the aforesaid observation and direction, this writ petition is

disposed of.

(Aparesh Kumar Singh, J.)

A. Mohanty

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