03 September 2021
Provisions for the sale of property are governed under Section 54 of the Transfer of Property Act, 1872. The buyer or the vendee cannot cancel a registered sale deed without any reasonable cause and in case if he wants to cancel the sale deed, he needs to file a suit in the civil court for the cancellation of the sale deed.
The sale deed once executed and registered cannot be cancelled in any circumstances and only if the sale deed is done by force, fraud, coercion, or misrepresentation to the material fact then the court can on proof of these allegations declare the deed as null and void.
Sections 31 to 33 of the Specific Relief Act lay down conditions under which a deed can be canceled. They are:
If an individual feels that the sale deed is voidable or has a doubt that such a deed will cause him injury
If the deed was registered according to the laws prescribed in the Indian Registration Act, 1908 and
the cancellation can be executed by mutual consent of all parties but one vendee alone cannot cancel a sale deed
Therefore, as per your query, a vendee cannot cancel a registered deed without the consent of the vendor or with reasonable justifications.