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Rajan Salvi (Lawyer)     07 December 2009

Arrest of a Judge.

[  1991 AIR 2176, Delhi Judicial Service Association v/s State of Gujrat ,]

1.9 In view of' the paramount necessity of preserving the independence of
judiciary and at the same time ensuring that infractions of law are' properly
investigated the following guidelines are to be followed:

(a) If a judicial officer is to be arrested for some offence, it should be done under intimation to the District Judge or the High Court as the case may be.

(b) If facts and circumstances necessitate the immediate arrest of a judicial officer of the subordinate judiciary, a technical or formal arrest may be effected.

(c) The fact of such arrest should be immediately the District and Sessions Judge of the concerned District and the Chief Justice of the High Court.

(d) The Judicial Officer so arrested shall not be taken to a police station, without the prior order or directions of the District & Sessions Judge of the concerned District, if available.

(e) Immediate facilities shall be provided to the Judicial Officer for communication with his family members, legal advisors and Judicial Officers, including the District & Sessions Judge.

(f) No statement of a Judicial Officer who is under arrest be recorded nor any panchnama be drawn up nor any medical test be conducted except in the presence of the Legal Advi- sor of the Judicial Officer concerned or another Judicial Officer of equal or higher rank, if available.

(g) There should be no handcuffing of a Judicial Officer. If, however, violent resistance to arrest is offered or there is imminent need to effect physical arrest in order to avert danger to life and limb, the person resisting arrest may be over-
powered and handcuffed. In such case, immediate report shall be made to the
District & Sessions Judge concerned and also to the Chief Justice of the High Court. But the burden would be on the Police to establish the necessity for effecting physical arrest and handcuffing the Judicial Officer and if it be established that the physical arrest and hand-cuffing of the Judicial Officer was unjustified, the Police Officers causing or responsible for such arrest and handcuffing would be guilty of misconduct and would also be personally liable for compensation and/or damages as may be summarily deter- mined by the High Court. 

  1.10 These guidelines are not exhaustive but are the minimum safeguards to be
observed in case of arrest of a Judicial Officer. These should be implemented by
the State Governments as well as by the High Courts. [1001G]


 2 Replies

N.K.Assumi (Advocate)     07 December 2009

Thank you Rajan,  for posting such  important ruling.

Vishwa (translator)     07 December 2009

I am personally of the opinion that if a judge is caught redhanded, he should be handed over to the public so that passers by can trash him with their footwear.


When can ordinary citizens expect such exalted protection from our lawmakers?

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