Criminal Trident Pack: IPC, CrPC and IEA by Sr. Adv. G.S Shukla and Adv. Raghav Arora
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In a recent judgement, the Bombay High Court ruled that trying to make unsubstantiated accusations against the spouse or their family members with a perception to exacerbating troubles in the work of the spouse would add up to cruelty.

The ruling was put in by the Nagpur Bench of Bombay High Court in the case of Thalraj v. Jyoti in the family court.

The judgement was provided by the bench comprising of Justice AS Chandurkar and Justice Pushpa Ganediwala.


The complainant and the respondent-Wife were married on 27 April 2008. Out of the aforementioned matrimony, a child was born on March 03, 2009.

On 14 May 2012, the woman moved Petition No. A459/2012 demanding a divorce on the basis of abuse and abandonment. It was alleged in the trial that her husband and his relatives were ill-treating her, both physically and psychologically.

In the sworn affidavit submitted by the petitioner, the charges were refuted as they had been made and it was clearly argued that the respondent-wife and her family members belonged to the 'Rajput' caste, but that they had received a bogus caste certificate of affiliation to 'Rajput Bhamta' for the purpose of obtaining work.

The husband also alleged that his spouse had epilepsy and that the relatives of the respondent had not revealed this to the appellant's family until their wedding.

The applicants presented testimony before the Family Court and, having found the same, the Judge of the Family Court ruled that the respondent-Wife had proven that the appellant-Husband had treated her with cruelty.

Having been aggrieved, a petition was lodged pursuant to Section 19 of the Family Courts Act, 1984 by the husband opposing the granting of the divorce decree passed by the Family Court, Nagpur in Petition No. A-459/2012, September 25, 2014.


At the beginning, the Court noticed that there was no claim in law in the written declaration submitted by the husband that the wife was afflicted with epilepsy, and the argument was addressed for the first occasion throughout her deposition.

The husband put charges on the publication record to suggest that he had made numerous allegations against the wife to her boss. It is, nevertheless, shown that such accusations had been made; it was appropriate for the husband to have offered the same excuse. This was not achieved by the husband by providing any evidence in that respect.

The Court further observed that the Judge of the Family Court had found these unsupported accusations and ruled that the husband's actions had induced emotional distress to his spouse.

The Court also held that the husband anticipated, in one manner or another, to impair the offerings of the wife.


Divorce with mutual consent

Mutual assent implies that both the gatherings concur for quiet partition. Mutual Consent Divorce is a straightforward method of emerging from the marriage and disintegrate it legitimately. Significant prerequisite is the shared assent of the spouse and wife. There are two viewpoints on which Husband and Wife need to reach to agreement. One is the provision or upkeep issues. According to Law there is no base or greatest constraint of upkeep. It very well may be any figure or no figure. Next significant thought is the Child Custody. This can likewise be worked out viably between the gatherings. Youngster Custody in Mutual Consent Divorce can be shared or joint or selective relying on the comprehension of the companions.

Contested Divorce

In the event of a contested divorce, there are explicit grounds on which the request can be made. It doesn't seem that a spouse or wife can essentially request a separation without expressing an explanation. The explanations behind separation are as per the following, however some are not pertinent to all religions.


Cruelty might be physical or mental cold-bloodedness. As indicated by the Hindu Divorce Laws in India, on the off chance that one companion has a sensible misgiving in the psyche that the other life partner's direct is probably going to be damaging or destructive, at that point there is adequate ground for getting divorce because of pitilessness by the mate.


In India, a man that submits infidelity (for example has consensual sex outside of marriage) can be accused of a criminal offense. The spouse may, obviously, petition for legal separation as a common cure. On the off chance that, then again, a spouse carries out infidelity, she can't be accused of a criminal offense, however the husband can look for indictment of the philanderer male for infidelity.


One life partner abandoning the other without sensible reason (remorselessness, for instance) is explanation behind separation. Notwithstanding, the companion who surrenders the other ought to expect to abandon and there ought to be confirmation of it. According to Hindu laws, the abandonment ought to have kept going in any event two constant years. Christians, be that as it may, won't record a separation appeal exclusively consequently.


Separation can be looked for by a companion if the other life partner converts to another religion. This explanation doesn't need any an ideal opportunity to have passed before separation can be documented.

Mental Disorder

On the off chance that the life partner is unequipped for playing out the ordinary obligations needed in a marriage by virtue of psychological instability, separation can be looked for. On the off chance that the psychological instability is so much that the ordinary obligations of wedded life can't be performed.

Transmittable Disease

On the off chance that the companion experiences a transferable infection, like HIV/AIDS, syphilis, gonorrhea or a destructive and serious type of uncleanliness, the Hindu Divorce Laws in India say that the other party can acquire a separation.

Renunciation of the World

on the off chance that the mate denies his/her wedded life and settles on sanyasa, the wronged life partner may get a separation.

Assumption of Death

On the off chance that the mate has not been known about as being alive for a time of in any event seven years, by such people who might have caught wind of such life partner, in the event that the individual in question were alive, the mate who is alive can acquire a legal pronouncement of separation.


Following are the grounds which will deliver a marriage void or the court will consider it to be illicit are:


None of the gatherings to the marriage will have a mate living in the hour of their marriage. On the off chance that both of them has a companion alive from a prior marriage, their ensuing marriage is no marriage according to law. It is void stomach muscle initio and non-existent.

Persons falling within degrees of prohibited relationships

Lineal ascendants are to be seen from the two sides, for example from the dad's side just as from the mother's side. So both the dad and mother are lineal ascendants fall in levels of precluded connections.

Sapinda relations

As per old Hindu Law, when two people offer Pinda to same precursors, at that point it is said that they are in a sapinda relationship. There are two speculations propounded for this sort of relationship. The first is Jimutavahana (oblation) Theory. As indicated by this hypothesis, Pinda implies the chunk of rice offered at a sraddha service to expired predecessors. Thus, Sapindas connections are those relations who are associated by oblations of food. Along these lines, two people would be sapindas on the off chance that one offers Pindas to the next (for example child and father) or both offer Pindas to a typical predecessor (for example siblings) or if both get Pindas from similar people (for example a couple for both will get Pindas from their children). The subsequent hypothesis is Vijnaneswara's (particles of a similar body) Theory. As indicated by this hypothesis, Pinda implies body. Accordingly, sapinda connections are those connections which are associated through the body. As such, two people would be sapinda relationship when they have a typical predecessor.


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