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  • The Supreme Court granted anticipatory bail to MD. ASFAK ALAM, the appellant in a matrimonial offence case involving alleged violations of IPC, Dowry Prohibition Act, and other sections of the law.
  • The appellant got married on November 25, 2020, and sought anticipatory bail due to alleged harassment by his wife's family resulting in complaints against him.
  • An FIR was filed against the appellant and his brother based on the complainant's charges.
  • Initial appeals for anticipatory bail were denied by the Sessions Judge and the Jharkhand High Court.


  • The Supreme Court highlighted the importance of personal liberty in granting bail and established guidelines for specific situations.
  • Noting no exceptional circumstances to deny anticipatory bail, the court observed the appellant's cooperation with the investigation.
  • The appellant's appeal was accepted by the Supreme Court, overturning the High Court's decision.
  • The appellant was granted anticipatory bail with potential restrictions imposed by the Trial Court.
  • The court directed all state governments, high courts, and police agencies to follow similar rules in comparable cases.


  • The Supreme Court's ruling reinforces the significance of individual freedom in bail decisions, particularly in matrimonial offence cases.
  • The verdict emphasizes a case-by-case assessment when determining bail in such matters.
  • It establishes a precedent for safeguarding personal liberty while considering the unique context of each case.
  • This ruling could influence how future courts evaluate bail applications in similar situations.


  • Share your thoughts on the Supreme Court's decision and its impact on bail decisions in matrimonial offence cases.
  • Do you agree with the emphasis that the court places on personal liberty and the necessity for case-specific evaluations? Do share your opinions in the comments section below!



  • The court in Allahabad quashed criminal proceedings against Shail Kumar Jain, a BAMS graduate from Lucknow University.
  • The case involved alleged violations of the 1940 Drugs & Cosmetics Act.
  • Jain, the petitioner, requested the quashment of the criminal case and a summons order from July 19, 2023.


  • The court identified two critical aspects: the absence of proper sanction and the overlooked exemption clause.
  • Shail Kumar Jain possessed a valid certificate as a practitioner, which the complainant didn't refute.
  • The court noted that the requirement of Section 33M of the Act, regarding prosecution initiation with authorized approval, wasn't followed in this case.
  • The petitioner's counsel also referred to Rule 123 of the Drug Rules, 1945, which exempts certain medications from Act's requirements. The allegedly problematic drug fell within this category.


  • The court concurred with the petitioner's arguments, highlighting the non-compliance with Section 33M's prerequisites.
  • The drug in question fell under Rule 123's exemption, negating the basis of the complaint.
  • The court criticized the trial court's summons order for lacking adequate justifications, against legal standards.
  • The criminal proceedings against Shail Kumar Jain were dismissed, and the case was referred back to the trial court.
  • The trial court was instructed to provide a new ruling within 60 days, taking the court's observations into account.


  • The court's decision underscores the significance of adhering to proper processes and considering exemption clauses in relevant laws.
  • This ruling has potential implications for cases involving the Drugs & Cosmetics Act, emphasizing due process and exemption provisions.
  • It also emphasizes the necessity for magistrates to provide thorough justifications when issuing summonses during complaint proceedings.


  • Share your thoughts on the court's decision and its impact on cases related to the Drugs & Cosmetics Act.
  • Do you agree with the emphasis that the Court places on due process and exemption provisions? Do share your opinions in the comments section below.
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