Who becomes a non- permanent member of the United Nations Security Council?
- The Security Council comprises of 5 Permanent members – The United States of America, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, France, China and the Russian Federation, and 10 non- permanent members elected by the United Nations General Assembly for a period of two years.
- In 1963 as per Resolution 1991 A (XVIII), UNGA provided for a pattern to be followed for the election of the non- permanent members:
- Five from African and Asian States;
- One from Eastern European States;
- Two from Latin American States;
- Two from Western European and other States.
- The GA elects each year 5 non- permanent members of the UNSC in consonance with Rule – 142 of the Rules of Procedure.
- Rule- 92 of the Rules of Procedure stipulates that the elections be held by a secret ballot. There also exists no nominations.
- A two-third majority is to be required to be elected non- member according to Rule-83 of the Rules of Procedure.
India and its history with the UNSC
- Previously India has been elected as one of the non- permanent members of the UNSC 8 times.
- In the years, 1950-1951, 1967-1968, 1972-1973, 1977-1978, 1984-1985, 1991-1992 and 2011-2012
The Current Election Results
- At 9 A.M. on June 17, 2020 the UNGA conducted Electionsfor the 5 non-permanent members of the United Nations Security Council along with the elections for the President of the seventy fifth session of the General Assembly.
- The election was conducted keeping in mind the requirement of social distancing, wearing of masks etc., due to the pandemic.
- India was up against Dijbouti and Kenya for the two vacant spots among the African and Asia – Pacific States.
- Unopposed, India has been elected as a non- permanent member of the UNSC for 2021-22 along with Ireland, Mexico and Norway.
- India received overwhelming support and the member states confidence. The winning of the election can be considered to eb a testament to the government’sinitiatives and leadership, especially during the current COVID-19 Crisis. Further, India’s contribution to peace and multilateralism has also contributed to earning support of the other member states.