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Pardeep Sharma   17 April 2020

Section 497 - Adultery

Respected experts,
A case of 497 has been registered against me. The case was registered in 2015 and it is stage of " framing of charge". As 497 has been declared unconstitutional by apex court what will b the proceesings of this case?


Learning

 1 Replies

Arvind Singh Chauhan (advocate)     17 April 2020

Arugue before the court on charge as Supreme court's judgment has retrospective effect.

Same has been applied bu Bombay HC in- Go through the following citation-

THE HIGH COURT OF JUDICATURE AT BOMBAY
NAGPUR BENCH : NAGPUR.
CRIMINAL REVISION APPLICATION NO. 2 OF 2018
Rupesh S/o. Haribhau Mundle,

VERSUS
(1) Shri Charandas S/o. Fulchand
Chandanbawan
(2) The State of Maharashtra,
CORAM
: M. G. GIRATKAR, J.
Date : 14/12/2018.
 

Heard learned counsel appearing for the parties.
:
2. The present revision is against the judgment of conviction
passed by the Judicial Magistrate First Class, Bhiwapur dated 2252015
in Summary Criminal Case No. 41/2010 for the offence punishable
under Section 497 of the Indian Penal Code. Said judgment was
challenged before the Additional Sessions Judge1,
Nagpur. By
judgment dated 212018,
the appeal came to be dismissed confirming
the judgment of Judicial Magistrate First Class.
3. It was alleged by the husband/respondent no. 1 against the
accused/applicant that he had s*xual relations with his wife. Evidence
was adduced before the Judicial Magistrate First Class, Bhiwapur, after
framing charge. Learned Magistrate come to the conclusion that charge
is proved against the applicant and, therefore, convicted him for the
offence punishable under Section 497 of the Indian Penal Code.
4. The said judgment is confirmed by the Additional Sessions
Judge, Nagpur.
5. As per the submissions of learned counsel for the applicant
that now Hon'ble Apex Court has turned down Section 497 of the Indian
Penal Code. Learned counsel pointed out the judgment in the case of
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Joseph Shine Vs. Union of India reported in 2018(11) Scale 556.
Learned counsel has submitted that it has a retrospective effect in view
of the judgment in the case of Maj. Genl. A. S. Gauraya and anr. Vs. S.
N. Thakur and anr. reported in AIR 1986 SC 1440.
6. Hon'ble Apex Court in the case of Joseph Shine Vs. Union
of India (supra) has observed that Section 497 is unconstitutional.
Hon'ble Apex Court has observed as under.
The moving times have not left the law behind as we
have just seen, and so far as engaging the attention of law
makers when reform of penal law is undertaken, we may only
hasten to add that even when the CrPC was fully replaced in
1973, Section 198 continued to be on the statute book. Even
as of today, Section 497 IPC continues to be on the statute
book. When these sections are wholly outdated and have
outlived their purpose, not only does the maxim of Roman law,
cessante ratione legis, cessat ipsa lex, apply to interdict such
law, but when such law falls foul of constitutional guarantees,
it is this Court’s solemn duly not to wait for legislation but to
strike down such law. As recently as in Shayara Bano (supra),
it is only the minority view of Khehar, C.J.I. And S. Abdul
Nazeer, J. that one must wait for the law to change legislatively
by way of social reform. The majority view was the exact
opposite, which is why Triple Talaq was found constitutionally
infirm and struck down by the majority. Also, we are of the
view that the statement in this judgment that stability of
marriages is not an ideal to be scorned, can scarcely be applied
to this provision, as we have seen that marital stability is not
the object for which this provision was enacted. On all these
counts, therefore, we overrule the judgment in Sowmithri
Vishnu (supra). Equally, the judgment in V. Revathi (supra),
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which upheld the constitutional validity of Section 198 must,
for similar reasons, be held to be no longer good law. We,
therefore, declare that Section 497 of the Indian Penal Code,
1860 and Section 198 of the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973
are violative of Articles 14, 15(1), and 21 of the Constitution
of India and are, therefore, struck down as being invalid.
7. Hon'ble Apex Court in Maj. Genl. A. S. Gauraya and anr.
Vs. S. N. Thakur and anr. (supra) has held that law laid down by
the Supreme Court applies to all pending proceedings even with
retrospective effect.
8. There is no dispute about the decision of the Supreme Court
in the above cited decisions. In view of the decision of Hon'ble Apex
Court holding Section 497 of Indian Penal Code is not an offence, the
punishment awarded by the Judicial Magistrate First Class, Bhiwapur in
Summary Criminal Case No. 41/2010 is liable to be quashed and set
aside. Hence, following order.
ORDER
(i) Revision is allowed.
(ii) Impugned judgment in Summary Criminal Case No.
41/2010 dated 2252015
passed by Judicial Magistrate
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First Class, Bhiwapur sentencing the accused/applicant for
the offence punishable under Section 497 of the Indian
Penal Code and which is confirmed by the Additional
Sessions Judge1,
Nagpur in Criminal Appeal No. 161/2015
on 212018
are hereby quashed and set aside.
(iii) Accused/applicant is acquitted of the offence punishable
under Section 497 of the Indian Penal Code.
(iv) Fine amount, if any, paid by the applicant/accused be
refunded to him.
(v) R & P be sent back to the trial Court.
JUDGE
wasnik
:::

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