Suresh Chandar (service) 07 June 2021
Sankaranarayanan (Advocate) 07 June 2021
What you like to ask? All legal heirs are have equal rights in it .
G.L.N. Prasad (Retired employee.) 08 June 2021
Your doubt is legitimate. If the house is located in a crowded and busy area if the house collapses there may be harmful to the public and there is a likely claim for compensation by such victims against owners of that hazardous property.. In fact, the Municipality/Corporation has such duty and responsibility, at least after devastating and frequent floods in the state, to identify such hazardous buildings, issue a notice for demolition, and if there is no response demolishing the same and recovering the amount.
TO my knowledge, if there is a collapse of such a dilapidated building you may as co-sharer be held responsible to compensate the loss to such victims. But I am not aware as to whether the property can be shown belonging to all co-sharers as this is not divided into metes and bounds. You have also not disclosed the fact as to whether the property was legally inherited by your wife or others. It appears that the property as per Revenue records disclosed the name of your wife's parents.
Yes. There is a risk to the person in whose name the property stands in revenue records.
Kishor Mehta (CEO) 08 June 2021
You should immediately issue notice to the residents of the house to vacate, informing them about the dilapidated conditions of the house and stating that if they continue to reside it will be at their own risks. You should endorse a copy to the local municipal and police authorities.
Suresh Chandar (service) 08 June 2021
G.L.N. Prasad (Retired employee.) 08 June 2021
One can not foretell what happens tomorrow. When there is a likely risk, one must avoid it in time by taking precautions. In case of any such collapse of the building, unfortunately., your wife's position becomes very sensitive. She can not deny responsibility, as such denial may be admitting that she has no share in the property. So first thing first, let there be settlement first within wife's family, between her, her sister, and brother through a legally valid deed. This after giving notices to the parties for vacation. as owners wish to strengthen the building and made modifications. ( once again you have not disclosed as to whether tenants are paying rents and whether your BIL is sending proportionate rent) . For the present, you may ask your BIL to obtain a certificate from an approved valuer/structural engineer about the life of the building. If the tenants failed to vacate after notice, the matter has to be reported to the local authority (Panchayat/Municipality) informing them the dangerous position of the building, and your attempts in failing to get the portion vacated. Now Central Govt has brought a separate act, and you may study the simple act by downloading the same and use it to get the tenant vacated.
Vasundhara Singh (Student) 08 June 2021
After the death of the parents, the brother and sister will be getting equal shares in the property as they are the legal heirs. Generally, it is the responsibility of the owner to maintain the house so it does not become a nuisance for others. If the owner is interested in letting the house for rent, then as per Section 108 of Transfer of Property Act, it is his or her responsibility to disclose all the facts if there is any material defect with the property or repair the property himself before giving it on lease.
If the property is occupied by the owner himself, he owes a duty of care to all the people staying in and around the house. If the fragile condition of the house causes harm or interference to any other person then the owner will be liable for nuisance and negligence and proceedings can be started against him or her in a civil court depending on the harm caused to the opposite party.
T. Kalaiselvan, Advocate (Advocate) 08 June 2021
Since the title owners are no more, the property automatically devolves on their legal heirs/successors in interest.
In the given circumstances, you have stated that your brother in law is taking care of the maintenance including the collection of rent, it can be assumed that he is acting on behalf of all the legal heirs to do such acts on the property which is co-shared by all the legal heirs.
Since the hours property is in dilapidated condition then it becomes the duty of the owner of the house/the cosharers to take necessary action that the dilapidated building do not cause any harm or injuries either to the inhabitants/tenants or to the neighbors living next to this building which may fall down anytime.
Your wife or her siblings to discuss and get a certificate about the condition of the house and seek permission from the local civic body to demolish the dilapidated building owing to the safety of the tenants or neighbors.
P. Venu (Advocate) 08 June 2021
Yes, the property is jointly vested with the legal heirs, your wife included. They need to to take a joint decision. What is the stand of your brother-in-law?
Dr J C Vashista (Lawyer) 09 June 2021
All legal representatives of deceased titleholder (Owner) of the property shall devolve upon them and they shall be jointly and individually liable for any damage / injury caused by such property.